Топ-100

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Repeal

A repeal is the removal or reversal of a law. There are two basic types of repeal. A repeal with re-enactment of the repealed law, or a repeal without replacement. The move to rescind, repeal, or annul is used in parliamentary procedure to cancel ...

                                               

Revenge porn

Revenge pornography is the act of getting revenge toward somebody by way of pornography. This act of revenge is usually done without asking the victim. Revenge porn usually means making sexually explicit videos, books and movies about a person be ...

                                               

Right to a fair trial

The right to fair trial is an essential right in all countries respecting the rule of law. A trial in these countries that is considered unfair will typically be restarted, or its verdict voided. Various rights associated with a fair trial are ex ...

                                               

Royal charter

A royal charter is a legal document issued by the monarchy which gives certain rights to an organization. When an organization, for example: a university, is founded there has to be an official document which lists the basic laws the constitution ...

                                               

Rule

When something always does the same thing, one can say that there is a rule that it does what it does. The word "rule" has many uses, including the following: A means of measurement such as a slide rule. A law or regulation. A precedent or conclu ...

                                               

Rule of law

Rule of law is a legal maxim that suggests that no one is above the law and governmental decisions must be made only by applying known legal and moral principles. The Rule of Law limits the powers of Government by judicial defense of laws and the ...

                                               

Sanctuary city

A sanctuary city is a municipal area that limits cooperation with the governments effort to enforce immigration law. They are mainly in Western Europe, the United States and Canada. Leaders of sanctuary cities say they wish to cut down fear of de ...

                                               

Scots law

Scots law is the system of laws used in Scotland, a home nation of the United Kingdom. Scots law is a mixture of a common law system and a civil law system. Scotland has its own judiciary and its own courts. Scotland kept Scots law from the old K ...

                                               

Section sign

The section sign is a character used in legal code, and is a punctuation mark. This character is used to refer to a section in legal code. For example, in the APA style: "Title 16 of the United States Code Section 580p" becomes "16 US Code § 580p ...

                                               

Selective Service System

The Selective Service System is an independent agency of the United States government. It has information on those subject to the U.S. military draft. All male U.S. citizens and male immigrant non-citizens between ages 18 and 25 are required by l ...

                                               

Seriatim

In law, seriatim indicates that a court is addressing multiple issues in a certain order, such as the order that the issues were originally presented to the court.

                                               

Sharia

Sharia law or Islamic law is a set of religious principles which form part of the Islamic culture. The Arabic word sharīʿah refers to the revealed law of God and originally meant "way" or "path". Classical sharia deals with many aspects of public ...

                                               

Social contract

A social contract or political contract is a perceived agreement among the people of a state about the rules that will define their government. These rules are usually called laws. Laws help to make sure people have rights and that their rights a ...

                                               

Solicitor general

A solicitor general is a specific job in common law places. Solicitors general in different countries may have different jobs or powers. Usually, the solicitor general is the governments lawyer. In the United States, the solicitor general is the ...

                                               

Speculation tax

The Speculation and vacancy tax is a provincial property tax levied in the Province of British Columbia starting in 2019. It is an opt-out tax paid when the property is vacant. It is paid in addition to the regular property tax. The rate for this ...

                                               

Statute

A statute is a written law passed by a state or federal legislature that creates a rule or regulation. Statutes provide the authority for other laws. Many state and federal agencies, such as the IRS, EPA and state Secretaries of State may issue r ...

                                               

Statute of limitations

Statutes of limitations are laws passed by a legislative body in common law systems that set the maximum time after an event when a lawsuit may be filed. In civil law systems, similar provisions are typically part of their civil or criminal codes ...

                                               

Strict construction

Strict construction means a restriction of judicial interpretation. In the United States the phrase is also commonly used more loosely as a term for conservativism among the judiciary.

                                               

Strict scrutiny

Strict scrutiny is the most stringent standard of judicial review used by United States courts. It is part of the hierarchy of standards that courts use to weigh the governments interest against a constitutional right or principle. The lesser sta ...

                                               

Sui iuris

Sui iuris is a Latin phrase that is used in law. Sometimes, the phrase is also spelled sui juris. It literally means of its own right. It is used to say that the legal status of an institution or entity is not comparable to anything else, and the ...

                                               

Suspect

A suspect is a person believed to have done something wrong, committed a crime or caused something bad to happen. In criminal law a person who is under suspicion or under investigation by law enforcement is considered a suspect. A prime suspect i ...

                                               

Test case (law)

In case law, a test case is a legal action whose purpose is to set a precedent. An example of a test case might be a person who files a lawsuit in order to see if the court considers a certain law or a certain legal precedent applies in certain c ...

                                               

Trial in absentia

Trial in absentia means a person is held responsible for a crime and tried although he or she is not present during the proceedings. It may be because the person is at an unknown location or has escaped justice, for example after paying bail and ...

                                               

Trier of fact

In a criminal trial the trier of fact, also called the finder of fact, is the person or persons responsible for deciding the factual issues. This is also called a finding of fact. In a jury trial the trier of fact is the jury. If there is no jury ...

                                               

Trust law

In law a trust is a relationship where property is held by one party for the benefit of another party. A trust is created by the owner, also called a "settlor", "trustor" or "grantor" who transfers property to a trustee. The trustee holds that pr ...

                                               

United States Statutes at Large

The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large and abbreviated Stat., is the official record of Acts of Congress and concurrent resolutions passed by the United States Congress. Each act and resolution of Congr ...

                                               

Voting

Voting is when a group of people decide something by saying what they want. It can be for electing a leader or representative, passing a law, and other things. When people are done voting, the votes are counted and the side that gets the most vot ...

                                               

Warranty

In commercial and consumer transactions, a warranty is an obligation that an article or service that is sold has the quality the buyer can reasonably expect from the seller. That often means that there must be a remedy. That means repair or repla ...

                                               

Witenagemot

The Witenagemot or Witan was an institution in Anglo-Saxon England, from about the 7th to the 11th century. The name is Old English and means council of the wise men. Originally, Witan was the plural of wita, but it was used as a singular. The co ...

                                               

Wrongful death claim

Wrongful death is a claim against a person who may be held liable for another persons death. A wrongful death lawsuits may be based on claims of negligence, misconduct, or a criminal act such as murder. If the person accused of causing a wrongful ...

                                               

Yellow-dog contract

A yellow-dog contract is an agreement between an employer and an employee. The employee agrees not to be a part of a trade union. This was part of a contract which employers and employees signed when employees were hired. In the United States, ye ...

                                               

Linguistics

Linguistics is the study of language. People who study language are called linguists. There are five main parts of linguistics: the study of sounds phonology, the study of parts of words, like "un-" and "-ing" morphology, the study of word order ...

                                               

Abbreviation

An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language occasionally uses the apostrophe mark to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviatio ...

                                               

Affricate

Affricates are consonants that are said with a stop with a fricative immediately afterwards. For example, the ch sound in English is said with an t sound with an sh sound immediately afterwards. Both voiced and voiceless affricates exist, in Engl ...

                                               

African-American Vernacular English

African American Vernacular English is a name for the way that some African-American people talk. Linguists named AAVE, which is used by some non-black people. Some of the dialects pronunciations and grammar are similar to how people talk in West ...

                                               

Analytic language

An analytic language is a language that organizes words and grammar by a strict word order instead of inflections, or word endings that show grammar. Examples of analytic languages include Chinese, English, Vietnamese, Thai, Khmer, and Lao. In Ch ...

                                               

Antidisestablishmentarianism

Antidisestablishmentarianism is a political position. It means "to keep an established church". An official state church is called the "established" church, so a dis establishment arian is a person who wants to stop the state church. These people ...

                                               

Artificial language

An artificial language is a language specially made for a purpose. These languages can be based on an existing natural language or can be artificial. Some types of artificial languages are: Constructed languages take the place of natural language ...

                                               

Aspiration

Aspiration is a feature in languages where saying a consonant gives out a puff of air. For example, if you dangle a piece of paper in front of your mouth, you will see it move if you say an aspirated, or breathy, consonant. If the paper does not ...

                                               

Branching

Branching is a term in linguistics. It refers to the way a phrase or sentence is made up. There is a head word and various other words to make the phrase or sentence.

                                               

Cantonese language

Cantonese is an East Asian language which comes from Canton, southern China. Often, people use the word Cantonese to refer to the Guangzhou dialect, Hong Kong dialect, Xiguan dialect, Wuzhou dialect and Tanka dialect of Yue. However, linguists pr ...

                                               

Case (grammar)

In grammar, case changes what a noun, adjective or pronoun does in a sentence. It is a set of forms which depend on the syntax. Case is an example of inflection, which is often an affix, a part of a word that is added to other words, that signals ...

                                               

Cognate

A cognate is a word derived from the same root as another word. Cognates are words that have a common origin. They may happen in a language or in a group of languages. Example One: composite, composition and compost are cognates in the English la ...

                                               

Consonant mutation

In English, the plural morpheme -es and the singular third-person present tense morpheme -es all have different pronunciations depending on which depending on which type of phoneme, or unique sound, comes before it. These variations of the plural ...

                                               

Context (language)

Context in language is what surrounds a word or piece of text. In order to understand what words mean, we have to know something about the situation where they are used. In print, a word, phrase or sentence has other text around it. This helps th ...

                                               

Contronym

A contronym is a word with more than one meaning, as one meaning is the reverse of the other. For example, the word cleave can mean "to cut apart" or "to bind together". In a sentence its meaning can be clear, otherwise the word itself is ambiguo ...

                                               

Cot-caught merger

The cot-caught merger is a sound change where the vowel in the word "cot" and the vowel in the word "caught" come to sound the same and make the words "cot" and "caught" sound alike. It is also called the lot-thought merger. This sound change occ ...

                                               

Dale–Chall formula

The Dale–Chall formula is one of the ways to predict how difficult text is to read. It is a readability test. The Dale–Chall formula is a one-variable test: it measures the difficulty of the words used. It does not measure the difficulty of the s ...

                                               

De Wahls rule

De Wahls rule is a rule of word formation, developed by the linguist Edgar de Wahl and applied in a constructed language Occidental created by him. It is useful to create certain grammatical forms from others.

                                               

Declension

In linguistics, declension is the changing of the form of a word. This shows its function in the sentence, by way of some inflection. The inflectional change of verbs is called conjugation. Declensions may apply to nouns, pronouns, adjectives, ad ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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