Топ-100

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Persuasion

Persuasion is a form of influence. It is the way to get people to agree with an idea, attitude, or action by rational and emotional means. It is a problem-solving strategy and relies on "appeals" rather than force. Dissuasion is the process of co ...

                                               

Physical abuse

Physical abuse is a form of abuse which causes feelings of pain, injury, or other physical suffering. Physical abuse may lead to low self-esteem and other mental problems.

                                               

Play therapy

Play therapy is a kind of therapy counseling with playing activities which makes children overcome their psychological difficulties by themselves and helps them to achieve optimum level of development. Young children are usually hard to express t ...

                                               

Plural ignorance

Plural ignorance or pluralistic ignorance is a term which gives a name to a situation where a majority of group members privately reject a norm, but at the same time, they assume incorrectly that most others accept it. The term describes a contex ...

                                               

Point of view (philosophy)

A point of view is a specific attitude or manner through which a person thinks about something. This figurative usage of the expression dates back to 1760. Every individuals perception or conception upon any particular action. This is known as po ...

                                               

Profiling

Profiling is collecting information about someone in order to describe them and / or predict their behaviour and actions. It is often used for criminals or people believed to behaving illegally. More recently used on employees in the work place t ...

                                               

Propaganda

Propaganda is a form of communication to distribute information. It is always biased. The information is designed to make people feel a certain way or to believe a certain thing. The information is often political. It is hard to tell whether the ...

                                               

Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis is a field of psychology and medical therapy. It is a set of theories and ways of treating mental disorders. It was started in the early 1890s by the Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud, with experience from the clinical work of Jo ...

                                               

Psychological abuse

Psychological abuse may also be called psychological violence, emotional abuse or mental abuse. It is when a person puts another person under abuse which may result in psychological trauma. The abuse may result in anxiety, chronic depression, or ...

                                               

Psychological nativism

In psychology, nativism is a theory that says that most basic skills are hard-wired in the brain at birth. This theory is the opposite of the theory called the blank slate, or tabula rasa. Blank slate theories said that humans have almost no skil ...

                                               

Psychological trauma

Psychological trauma is damage to the psyche that happens after a stressful event. It can be caused by things that make a person afraid. Common causes include humiliation, sexual abuse, bullying, and domestic violence. Living with any of those fo ...

                                               

Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body. PNI takes an interdisciplinary approach. The main interests of PNI are the interactions between the nervou ...

                                               

Pygmalion effect

Pygmalion was a sculptor who lived in Cyprus. Women who lived on Cyprus didnt stay virtuous, so Pygmalion decided to live alone and made a perfect sculpture, Galatea. During the Aphrodite feast, thanks to Pygmalion`s prayers, the sculpture turned ...

                                               

Reincarnation research

Psychiatrist Ian Stevenson, from the University of Virginia, interviewed young children who claimed to remember a past life. He did more than 2.500 interviews over a period of 40 years and wrote twelve books, including Twenty Cases Suggestive of ...

                                               

Replacement child

A replacement child is a child conceived by parents to replace an older dead sibling. He or she is usually of the same sex as the child they replaced. Often they are given the same name. The replacement child provides consolation to the parents f ...

                                               

Self

A self is an individual person, from their own point of view. To you, self is you.To someone else, self is that person. The following list of topics is provided as an overview of and introduction to the self:

                                               

Self-esteem

Self-esteem is the way people think about themselves and how worthwhile they feel. Psychologists use the word self-esteem to describe whether someone likes them self or not. Someone with high self-esteem might think that they are good at things a ...

                                               

Self-injury

Self-injury or self-harm occurs when a person hurts their body on purpose. This kind of harm is not suicidal behavior. Many self-harmers hurt themselves because they feel it is the only way to stay alive. However, in some cases the self-harm beco ...

                                               

Sensation

A sensation is something that produces excitement. A new song or a new play might be termed a "sensation" or producing "sensation". A thrilling ride on a roller coaster might be described as "sensational".

                                               

Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse is when one person forces another person to unwillingly commit any sexual act, harassment or any sexual assault. A person who commits sexual abuse is called a molester, abuser, or sexual abuser. When a victim of sexual abuse is under ...

                                               

Shill

A shill is a plant or stooge. They are people, usually paid, who promote something while pretending to be independent. Shills publicly help or give credibility to a person or organization with which they have a private relationship. Shills operat ...

                                               

Sleepwalking

Sleepwalking, or somnambulism, is a disorder belonging to the parasomnia family of sleeping problems. People with this disorder leave bed, without waking up, and walk around. In certain cases, people do things they also do in everyday life. Accor ...

                                               

Social engineering (security)

Social Engineering is a type of confidence trick to influence people with the goal to illegally obtain sensitive data. Social Engineers observe the personal environment of their victims and use fake identities to gain secret information or free s ...

                                               

Social work

Social work is work done for the welfare of the society. A social worker is a trained individual who represents the social well-being of society. According to the Australian Association of Social Workers, "The social work profession facilitates s ...

                                               

Sociocultural theory

Sociocultural theory was created by Lev Vygotsky as a response to Behaviorism. The main idea of the theory is that the ways people interact with others and the culture they live in shape their mental abilities. Vygotsky believed that parents, rel ...

                                               

Stanford prison experiment

The Stanford Prison Experiment was a psychology experiment to see the effects of becoming a prisoner or a prison guard on human behaviour and psychology. The experiment ran from 15-21 August 1971, led by Dr Philip Zimbardo at Stanford University. ...

                                               

Stevens power law

Stevens power law is a proposed relationship between the magnitude of a physical stimulus and the intensity or strength that people feel. Most people think that it describes a wider range of sensations than Weber-Fechner law. But critics argue th ...

                                               

Stimulus (psychology)

A stimulus in psychology is an energy change which is received by the senses. The usage changes somewhat according to which school of psychology is using it: In classical conditioning and behaviorism, a stimulus is the basis for behavior. In expe ...

                                               

Stream of consciousness

Stream of consciousness refers to the flow of thoughts in the conscious mind. It was a term used by the American psychologist and philosopher William James in 1890. James said: "Consciousness, then, chopped up in bits. Such words as chain or trai ...

                                               

Subliminal stimuli

Subliminal stimuli are sensations just "below the threshold" of a persons conscious perception. They may be designed to influence the mental processes or the behavior of the individual without beiing noticed. A recent review of functional magneti ...

                                               

Suspension of disbelief

Reality is the world around us. Fantasy is a world that only is in our minds, or recorded in some way onto or into something that can be passed along from one form to another. Fantasy cannot exist as something real, something that we can touch or ...

                                               

Temperament

Temperament is a term from psychology to describe the way in which an individual behaves. Examples for temperament are introversion and extroversion. Many psychologists believe that the traits called temperament are innate, and that they are not ...

                                               

The Blank Slate

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature is a popular 2002 book by the psychologist Steven Pinker. The author makes a case against tabula rasa. The book was voted for the 2003 Aventis Prizes and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize.

                                               

Threat

A threat is basically a declaration of intent to inflict punishment or harm or loss on another. However, in many cases the threat is not believed, or may even be a joke. Like other communications a threat has a context, and the context decides it ...

                                               

Trance

Trance describes a state of mind. A trance is when a person is conscious, and not sleeping, but is unaware of what is happening around him or her. The term trance is associated with hypnosis, meditation, magic, flow, religion, and certain kinds o ...

                                               

Trolley problem

The trolley problem is an imaginary problem that people can solve to explore how the human mind works. Most people think that the trolley problem was invented by Oxford University philosophy professor Philippa Foot in the 1960s, but it might have ...

                                               

The Truman Show delusion

The Truman Show delusion is a delusion some people have. It is named after The Truman Show, a movie from 1998. In the movie, the main character discovers that he is living in a constructed reality that is shown on television. All people except th ...

                                               

Tuckmans stages of group development

Tuckmans stages of group development is a model of group development made by Bruce Tuckman in 1965. It has four phases: Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing. Norming is when they have finished deciding what is "normal". Performing is when th ...

                                               

Victim blaming

Victim blaming is holding the victim of a crime responsible for that crime. Starting in the 1970s, the term was commonly used in the United States. It was mainly used in connection with trials for rape, as well those with a racist background. In ...

                                               

Watermelon stereotype

The Watermelon stereotype is the steretypical view that black people can be made happy easily, they only need a watermelon and a little rest for their happiness. The stereotype was perpetuated in minstrel shows often depicting African Americans a ...

                                               

Weber-Fechner law

In one of his classic experiments, Weber gradually increased the weight that a blindfolded man was holding and asked him to respond when he first felt the increase. Weber found that the response was proportional to a relative increase in the weig ...

                                               

Private Finance Initiative

The private finance initiative is a way of creating partnerships between the public and private parts of the economy. It involves paying for public building projects with money from private companies. It was created by the governments of Australi ...

                                               

Quaestor

A quaestor was a public official in Ancient Rome. A quaestor did different jobs at different times in Roman history. In the Roman Kingdom, quaestors were appointed by the king to investigate murders. In the Roman Republic, quaestors supervised th ...

                                               

Society

Society is the term to describe human beings together. The term comes from the Latin idea of societas, or the connection between friends or allies. It can also mean a specific group of people who interact, as well as a wider society of which they ...

                                               

Aristocrat

An aristocrat is a person of a the highest social class of a society. In many places, aristocrats have hereditary titles. In some societies such as Ancient Greece, Rome, and India, aristocratic status may come from membership in a military caste. ...

                                               

Bourgeoisie

Bourgeoisie means a social class of people who own the means of production, making them in the upper or merchant class. Hence, all employers are bourgeoisie. Their status or power comes from employment, education, assets, or wealth and not from a ...

                                               

Class consciousness

In Marxism, class consciousness is ones awareness of where one belongs in a system of social classes. According to Marx, there are two classes in capitalism. They are the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie take advantage of the prol ...

                                               

Dalit

"Dalit" refers to socially, economically and historically marginalized communities predominantly in India. It also means "broken / scattered" in Sanskrit and Hindi. The term dalits was in use as a translation for the British Raj census classifica ...

                                               

Gentleman

A gentleman is an historical term used in the British class system for an educated man who is wealthy. Its significance is that in a class system, people were educated, lived and worked in quite different ways according to the circumstances of th ...

                                               

Heteronormativity

Heteronormativity is the belief that everyone is heterosexual by nature, and every other form of human sexuality is not as good as heterosexuality, or even an illness that needs to be fixed. In a heteronormative system, there are two strict gende ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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