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Jallianwala Bagh massacre

The Jallianwalah Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre was a massacre that happened in Amritsar, in 1919. It is named after the Jallianwala Bagh in the northern Indian city of Amritsar, Punjab. On April 13, 1919, British Indian Army ...

                                               

Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)

Kashmir and Jammu was a princely state in the Himalayas next to the territories of British India in the north. It was ruled by a Hindu Maharaja. The state was created in 1846 after the defeat of the Sikhs. The East India Company annexed the Kashm ...

                                               

Myanmar

Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia. Its full name is the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. It is also sometimes called Burma. Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia that is not an island. It is also part of South Asia. It is bordered by China ...

                                               

Order of the Indian Empire

The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1878. The Order includes members of three classes: Knight Commander KCIE. Companion CIE. Knight Grand Commander GCIE. No appointments have been made ...

                                               

Order of the Star of India

The article is about the order of chivalry known as "Star of India". For other items of the same name, please see disambiguation at Star of India. The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 18 ...

                                               

Pakistan

Pakistan is a country in southern Asia. It is next to India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. It is officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south. Pakistan has the fifth largest popula ...

                                               

Punjab (British India)

Punjab was a province of British India, it was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British rule. With the end of British rule in 1947 the province was split between India and Pakistan. The area that made up British Punj ...

                                               

2010–11 Philippine floods

In December 2010, strong rains in some places in the central part of Visayas and the eastern section of Luzon and Mindanao caused floods in the Philippines. By January 12, 2011, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council pegged t ...

                                               

2016 Irkutsk mass methanol poisoning

In late-December 2016, 58 people died from mass methanol poisoning in Irkutsk, Russia. It was caused by people drinking cheap counterfeit alcohol that was actually supposed to be used as a bath lotion. The counterfeit was called Boyaryshnik.

                                               

Manchukuo

Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945. It was first a republic, but in 1934 it became a constitutional monarchy. It had little international recognition and was under the Unofficial c ...

                                               

2019 Xiangshui chemical plant explosion

On 21 March 2019, an explosion occurred at a chemical plant in Chenjiagang Chemical Industry Park, Chenjiagang, Xiangshui County, Yancheng, Jiangsu, China. 78 people died and 617 got injured in this accident.

                                               

Beauty of Loulan

The Beauty of Loulan or Loulan Beauty) is the preserved dead body of a woman who lived about 4000 years ago, during the Bronze Age. She was found on April 1, 1980 near the Silk Road by Chinese archaeologists Mu Sun-ing and members of the Archaeol ...

                                               

Changan

Changan was the capital of ancient China of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history. Changan literally means "Perpetual Peace" in Classical Chinese. During the Xin Dynasty, the city was renamed "Constant Peace", yet after its fall in the year ...

                                               

Confucianism

Confucianism is the philosophy based on the teachings of Confucius, who was an important Chinese philosopher. Confucianism has a complete system of moral, social, political, and religious thought, and has had a large influence on the history of C ...

                                               

Cultural Revolution

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, shortened in Chinese as 文化大革命 or 文革, also known simply as the Cultural Revolution, was a time of large cultural change in China, started by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China. It ...

                                               

Er Wang San Ke

Erwang Sanke or "the two crownings and the three respects" is something Chinese emperors did to honor the previous dynasty. For example the Sui dynasty came directly before the Tang. So the Tang may honor descendants of the Sui royal family. The ...

                                               

Imperial China

Imperial China is a period of Chinese history. It lasted over 2.000 years. It began with Qin Shi Huangs uniting of China under the Qin dynasty in 221 BC. It ended with the overthrow of the Qing dynasty in 1911. Throughout this period, many featur ...

                                               

Jimi system

The Jimi system is a way to organize the government to rule over far-away foreign lands. It uses barbarians to rule over barbarians or the people you conquered to rule over the people you conquered. It was used in China between the 7th century an ...

                                               

Legalism

Legalism was one of the four main philosophies in Chinese history during the Warring States Period. It is a political philosophy which says that people are bad by nature and need to be controlled by the government. It was introduced by Qin Shi Hu ...

                                               

Mandate of Heaven

The Mandate of Heaven was a Chinese political and religious doctrine used to justify the rule of the emperor of China. According to this belief, heaven stands for the natural order and will of the universe. Heaven will give a mandate to a just ru ...

                                               

Mukden Incident

The Mukden Incident, also known as the Manchurian Incident, was an event set up by Japanese soldiers as a reason for invading the northern part of China known as Manchuria in 1931. On September 18, 1931, a small amount of dynamite was blown up by ...

                                               

Princess of Xiaohe

The Princess of Xiaohe, also known as the Beauty of Xiaohe, is a female mummy discovered in 1934 by Swedish archaeologist Folke Bergman, at Xiaohe Tomb, Luobu Po, Ruoqiang County, Xinjiang. Because of its beauty, this mummy was also nicknamed Mar ...

                                               

Self-Strengthening Movement

The Self-Strengthening Movement was a reform organised during the late Qing Dynasty. The movements intent was the modernization of China as a result of many military defeats it had faced at the hands of the West. It could be divided into three ph ...

                                               

Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war in China from 1850 to 1864. It was led by Hong Xiuquan. The Taiping Rebellion was against the ruling Qing Dynasty. About 20 million people died. Most of them were civilians. Hong established the Taiping Heave ...

                                               

Three Kingdoms

Three Kingdoms is the name of a historical period in Ancient China. This period lasted from about 180 or 220, to about 280. During this period, China was split between the kingdoms of Wei, Shu Han and Wu. After the fall of the Han dynasty, there ...

                                               

Bojihwayangdong buralsongseonsaeng

Bojihwayangdong buralsongseonsaeng is a bilingual pun in Classical Chinese and Korean. It is part of the literature of the Joseon period of Korea. It has historically been used as a source of humour in Korean. When Heo Mok was ordered to attend t ...

                                               

Capital of Korea

This article is about the Korean national capital in general. For the current capital, see Seoul or Pyongyang. The Capital of Korea has been in many locations during the history of the Korean peninsula. Today there are two Koreas, each with its o ...

                                               

Division of Korea

The division of Korea between North and South Korea happened because of the Allied victory in World War II in 1945. After Japan surrendered, the Allies made Japan give up all the colonies they took through military force, even those before WWII s ...

                                               

Goguryeo

Goguryeo is a dynasty of ancient Korea which was begun by Jumong in 37 BC. It was started in the area near the Dongga River, a branch of the Abrok River. Jolbon was the capital city founded by Jumong. The legend of the nations birth is that Jumon ...

                                               

Goryeo

The Goryeo Dynasty or Koryo Dynasty also called the "Kingdom of Goryeo", is one of the Korean dynasties which existed from 918 to 1392. It began in 918 with Emperor Taejo. The name "Goryeo" came to be said as "Korea" by foreigners and is still th ...

                                               

Hyeokgeose

After 61 years from he start to rule the country, he flew up to heaven. After seven days, the ashes of his body fell to the earth and scattered, and the soul of his queen ascended to join him in paradise. All the people cried the ashes of their g ...

                                               

Independence Club

The Independence Club was a Korean association that supported the independence movement during the Joseon dynasty. It was active from 1896 to 1899. The club was an early supporter of human rights and peoples democracy in Korea. It was founded by ...

                                               

Korea under Japanese rule

Korea under Japanese rule is a term to define Korea when it was under Japanese control. Japanese victory in the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895 and in the Russo-Japanese War in 1905 cleared the way. Japan controlled Korea for 35 years during Japa ...

                                               

Muryeong of Baekje

Muryeong of Baekje, also known as Sama, was a 6th-century Korean king. He was the 25th king of Baekje, which was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea in ancient times. The name Muryong means "military peace". It is a name he got after death.

                                               

Silla

Silla was one of the kingdoms of ancient Korea. It existed from 57 BC to 935 and is famous as the longest sustained country in Korean history. The name, Silla, implies that the virtuous achievements of the king are renewed every day and extended ...

                                               

Three Kingdoms of Korea

The Three Kingdoms of Korea were Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla. They existed between the 1st century BC and 7th century CE. There were some smaller kingdoms like Gaya, Dongye, Okjeo, Buyeo, Usan, Tamna, etc. Baekje helped spread Chinese characters, ...

                                               

Boxer Rebellion

The Boxer Rebellion was an uprising that occurred within China in the years 1900 and 1901. It was led by the Boxers, a group of Chinese citizens who disliked the vast amount of foreign influence that existed in China.

                                               

Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a civil war fought from 1927 to 1951, because of a difference in thinking between the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist Kuomintang. The war was a fight for legitimacy as the government of China. The war began i ...

                                               

South Thailand insurgency

The insurgency in Southern Thailand is a violent rebellion that is taking place in three southern provinces of Thailand. There are Naratiwat Pattani, and Yala. Most of the people that live in these provinces are not related to Thai people. They a ...

                                               

Crusades

The Crusades were a series of wars between Christians and Muslims in the Middle East. It started mainly due to a fight for areas thought to be Holy Land. Both Muslims and Christians considered the same lands holy for reasons like Jesus resurrecti ...

                                               

Dalmatia

Dalmatia is a region of the Balkan Peninsula along the Adriatic Sea. It mostly belongs to Croatia. It goes from the island of Rab in the northwest to the Bay of Kotor in the southeast.

                                               

Governorate of Dalmatia

The Governorship of Dalmatia was a territory united to the Kingdom of Italy in April 1941, after the military conquest of the Jugoslavian Dalmatia by Italian general Vittorio Ambrosio during WWII. It lasted until september 1943.

                                               

Istrian-Dalmatian exodus

Istrian-Dalmatian exodus was the diaspora or forced migration of ethnic Italians from Istria, Fiume, and Dalmatia, after World War II. Those territories were ethnically mixed since the Middle Ages. Most people were Italians, but there were also S ...

                                               

Sibenik-Knin County

Sibenik-Knin County is a county in southern Croatia. It is located in the north central part of Dalmatia. The biggest city in the county is Sibenik. It is the county seat. Other large towns in the county are Knin, Drnis and Skradin. The size of t ...

                                               

Kingdom of Galicia

The Kingdom of Galicia was a political entity in southwestern Europe. At its largest it occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It was founded in 409, and its capital was in Braga. Galicia was part of the Kingdom of the Spanish Vi ...

                                               

Almoravid dynasty

The Almoravids were a Berber dynasty from the Sahara that ruled over a wide area of northwestern Africa and the Iberian peninsula during the 11th century. Under this dynasty the Moorish empire included present-day Morocco, Western Sahara, Maurita ...

                                               

Independent State of Croatia

The Independent State of Croatia was a fascist / nazi puppet-state during World War II. It was established in April 1941, after the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was split up by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Geographically it encompassed most of modern ...

                                               

Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic - officially known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, the Republic of the United Netherlands, or the Republic of the Seven United Provinces - was a republic in Europe. It was a confederacy of provinces,from 1581 t ...

                                               

Southern Ireland

Southern Ireland was the twenty-six county Irish state created by the Government of Ireland Act 1920. This Act divided the island of Ireland in two, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland. Both were given bicameral parliaments and separate governm ...

                                               

Irish Free State

The Irish Free State was the name of Ireland from 1922 to 1937. It replaced both the Irish Republic and Southern Ireland. The government was called the Executive Council, and it was headed by the President of the Executive Council, instead of a P ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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