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Ptolemaic dynasty

The Ptolemaic dynasty, also known as the Lagids or Lagidae, was a Macedonian Greek royal family who ruled over Egypt. Their rule lasted for 275 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt. Ptolemy, was one of Alexande ...

                                               

Pyramidion

A pyramidion is the very top piece of an Egyptian pyramid. They were called benbenet in the Ancient Egyptian language. In Egypts Old Kingdom, pyramidia were made of diorite, granite, or limestone. These were then covered in gold or electrum. The ...

                                               

Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta stone is a stone with writing carved into it. There are 3 types of writing on the Rosetta stone, Greek, Egyptian, and another form of Egyptian writing. French soldiers found it in Egypt in 1799. It helped people get a better understan ...

                                               

Saqqara Tablet

The Saqqara Tablet is stone from Ancient Egypt. On it is written a list of Egyptian pharaohs from the New Kingdom. It was found in a tomb at Saqqara in 1861. The tomb belonged to Tjenry, an official of the pharaoh Ramesses II. He was a priest and ...

                                               

Second Dynasty of Egypt

The Second Dynasty ruled ancient Egypt from c. 2890 to c. 2686 BC It is the second dynasty of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt. During this time the seat of government was centred at Thinis. Very little is known about this period in ancient Egy ...

                                               

Serekh

Serekhs, particularly those found throughout Egyptian history, are typically composed of three components: a recessed or niched façade, the king’s name inscribed in a panel, and a falcon. While both the façade and name depictions are consistent i ...

                                               

South Saqqara Stone

The South Saqqara Stone is a large piece of stone. Written on the stone is a list of the pharaohs of the 6th dynasty of ancient Egypt. The list includes Teti, Userkare, Pepi I, Merenre and Pepi II. The list finishes with Pepi II which means it wa ...

                                               

Thinis

Thinis or This was the capital city of the first dynasties of ancient Egypt. The actual site of Thinis has not yet been discovered. Ancient writers, such as Manetho, said it was the centre of the Thinite Confederacy. Their leader Menes, united Eg ...

                                               

Turin King List

The Turin King List, also called the Turin Royal Canon, is a list of the kings of Egypt. It was written in Egyptian hieratic script on papyrus. It is thought to date from the rule of Pharaoh Ramesses II. The list is now in the Egyptian Museum in ...

                                               

Upper Egypt

Upper Egypt is a narrow strip of land on both sides of the Nile that extends from modern-day Aswan to the area south of modern-day Cairo. The northern part of Upper Egypt, between El-Aiyat and Asyut is sometimes called Middle Egypt. Upper Egypt w ...

                                               

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a large area in the northeast of the Mediterranean Sea, where people spoke the Greek language. It was much bigger than the nation of Greece we know today. It was the civilization of Greece, from the archaic period of the 8th / ...

                                               

300 (graphic novel)

300 is a graphic novel written and drawn by Frank Miller and colored by Lynn Varley. It tells the story of the Spartans, the Persians, and the Battle of Thermopylae. The individual volumes were collected and reprinted in their entire by Dark Hors ...

                                               

The 300 Spartans

The 300 Spartans is a 1962 Cinemascope movie depicting the Battle of Thermopylae. It was shot in the village of Perachora in the Peloponnese. It stars Richard Egan as the Spartan king Leonidas I, Ralph Richardson as Themistocles of Athens, and Da ...

                                               

Alexandra (Lykrophon)

Alexandra is a work by the Greek poet Lykophron, who is only known through this work. It was written between 196 and 190 BC. The work has 1474 lines, which are done in jambic trimeters. This is what most Greek tragedies were written in.

                                               

Allotment

Allotment, also known as sortition, is a method of selection by some form of lottery. It is used to have an equal chance to be selected for those that are involved. For instance it is done by drawing coloured pebbles from a bag. In the democracy ...

                                               

Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek was an Indo-European language spoken in Ancient Greece from the 9th to the 4th centuries BC. Ancient Greek and Latin are very important languages. Although they are no longer spoken, they influenced almost all modern European langua ...

                                               

Ancient Greek sculpture

Ancient Greek sculpture is the sculpture of Ancient Greece. There are three major stages. Sculpture was used to show the battles, mythology, and rulers of the area known as Ancient Greece.

                                               

Antigonid dynasty

The Antigonid dynasty was a Macedonian dynasty. The kings were part of the family of Alexander the Greats general Antigonus I Monophthalmus. The dynasty ended when the Roman Empire conquered the area after the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC.

                                               

Argead dynasty

The Argead dynasty was an ancient Macedonian royal house of Doric provenance. They were the founders and the ruling dynasty of the Archaic Greek kingdom of Macedon from about 700 to 310 BC. People of the Agread family were supposedly part of Hera ...

                                               

Aristeia

Aristeia describes a heros moment of greatest glory, the moment when a hero kills the most people. It is a Greek word and comes from aristos which means "the best". It is used many times in Homers epic poem. the Iliad. Several heroes in the Illia ...

                                               

Assemblywomen

Assemblywomen is a satirical comedy by Aristophanes on the idea that women might be better than men at running the state. The play is about a group of women, and their leader Praxagora. She has decided that the women must convince the men to give ...

                                               

Byzantium

Byzantium was an ancient Greek city. The name "Byzantium" is a Latinization of the original name Byzantion. The city became the center of the Byzantine Empire, the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, but at that tim ...

                                               

Classical antiquity

Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history around the Mediterranean. It includes the civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, known as the Greco-Roman world. Classical antiquity is the period in which Greek ...

                                               

Classical Greece

Classical Greece was the period in ancient Greece from about 500–323 BC. It had a civilisation and style which was considered by later observers to be outstanding. Politically, the classical period was dominated by Athens and the Delian League du ...

                                               

Corinthian order

The corinthian order is one of the three main classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. The other two are the Doric order and Ionic order. The Corinthian is the most decorative of the three orders. It has thin columns that have gr ...

                                               

Delian League

The Delian League was founded in 478 BC. It was an association of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The League had a many cities: at various times between 150 and 330. The League was led by Athens to continue fighting the Persian ...

                                               

Doric order

Doric order was one of the three orders of architecture in Ancient Greece, the other two orders were Corinthian order and Ionic order. The order was named after the style of columns used in buildings. It included the base, the shaft, the top, and ...

                                               

Herma

A herma, commonly in English herm is a sculpture with a head and sometimes a torso, above a tall squared pillar. Often a phallus was carved at the appropriate height. The form originated in Ancient Greece and was adopted by the Romans and revived ...

                                               

Homosexuality in the militaries of ancient Greece

Homosexuality in the militaries of ancient Greece was regarded as contributing to morale. The chief example is the Sacred Band of Thebes, a unit said to have been formed of same-sex couples. The Spartan tradition of military heroism has also been ...

                                               

Linear B

Linear B is an ancient script, used to write Mycenaean Greek, as the oldest known form of Ancient Greek. This was proved by Michael Ventris in the early 1950s. Linear B came before the Greek alphabet by several centuries. The script is based on L ...

                                               

Macedonian phalanx

The Macedonian phalanx is an infantry formation developed by Philip II. It was used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Persian Empire. The formation was made up of spearmen carrying 18 to 20 ft long spears. These were called sarissas. ...

                                               

Metic

In Ancient Greece, a metic was a foreigner living in a Greek city-state. The metic did not have the same citizen rights as a citizen who was born in the state he was living in. The term metic was especially used in ancient Athens in the 4th and 5 ...

                                               

Mycenaean culture

The Mycenaean culture was an early Greek culture during the Bronze Age, on the Greek mainland and on Crete. The name Achaean was used by Homer to describe them, and occurs in the Iliad. The term we use is derived from Mycenae, which is an importa ...

                                               

Pericles Funeral Oration

Pericles Funeral Oration is a famous speech from Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War. The speech was delivered by Pericles at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. He was a famous Athenian politician. The speech was a part o ...

                                               

Phalanx formation

The phalanx formation is an Ancient Greek term for a block-like infantry formation. The Greek hoplites were armed with spears, swords, or similar weapons. The mass of infantry marched forward as one entity against opponents. The system was used b ...

                                               

Pinax

A pinax was a tablet or board In ancient Greece and Rome. It was used for writing, for other purposes. These tablets were usually made of wood, terracotta, marble or bronze. Painted pinakes were given to the gods, or fixed on tombs. In common usa ...

                                               

Polis

Polis means a city, a city-state and also citizenship and body of citizens. In context with Ancient Greece polis means nearly always "city-state." The word originates from the ancient Greek city-states, which developed during the Archaic period a ...

                                               

Sacred Band of Thebes

The Sacred Band of Thebes was an elite fighting unit within the ancient Theban army of the 4th century BC. The earliest surviving record of the Sacred Band by name was made in 324 BC. The unit was comprised of 150 male lovers. It was believed the ...

                                               

Solon

Solon was a statesman in Ancient Greece. He is one of Seven Sages of Greece, because of his political reforms to the laws of Athens. Many of these changes helped the poor people. He lived from 630 B.C 560 B.C. He introduced the court and judges. ...

                                               

Stoa

Stoas are unique to Ancient Greek architecture. They were covered walkways or porticos, mainly for public use. Early stoas were open at the entrance with columns, usually of the Doric order, lining the side of the building. They were well suited ...

                                               

Theogenes

Theogenes was one of the greatest athletes in Ancient Greece. He was born in the city of Thasos on the island of the same name in the Aegean Sea in the early fifth century. He was a boxer and a pankrationiast. He had two victories at the Olympic ...

                                               

Tyrant

A tyrant is a person who rules with absolute power. In its Greek origin the word has no negative meaning: we translate Oedipus Tyrannus as Oedipus the King. A tyrant usually rules a country, and he often got his position as powerful ruler by forc ...

                                               

History of ancient Israel and Judah

Israel and Judah were Iron Age kingdoms of the old Near East. The area of time covered in this page is from the first mention of the name Israel in the archaeological record to the end of a independent Judean kingdom near the time of Jesus Christ ...

                                               

Book of Judith

The Book of Judith is a book of the Bible that is part of the Catholic and Orthodox Canon, put forward by the Council of Carthage in 397. It was roughly written in the year 100 BC, originally in the language of Ancient Greek. The book talks about ...

                                               

Solomons Temple

According to the Hebrew Bible, Solomon’s Temple, was the first temple the Israelites built for God. It was also called the first temple and was first built by Solomon. It stood next to the king’s palace, and was both God’s royal palace and Israel ...

                                               

Yehud Medinata

Yehud Medinata, or simply Yehud, was part of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. It was within the satrapy of Eber-Nari. It was roughly like the older kingdom of Judah but had less land. The area of Yehud Medinata is roughly the same as the previous B ...

                                               

Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome was a civilization that started in the city of Rome and the land of Latium on the Italian Peninsula. Roman civilization was the most important civilization in the Mediterranean region, Europe, and the Near East from the late 3rd cent ...

                                               

Culture of ancient Rome

Ancient Roman culture grew through the almost 1200 years of Romes civilization. The Romans conquered many peoples and brought back from their wars many things from each land. Their way of life was a mix of many cultures, influences, and religions ...

                                               

Latin script

Latin or Roman script, is a writing system used to write many modern-day languages. It is the most used writing system in the world today. It is the official script for nearly all the languages of Western Europe and of some Eastern European langu ...

                                               

Aquincum

Aquincum was an ancient city, situated on the North East of Pannonia in Roman Empire. The ruins of the city can be found today in Budapest, the capital of Hungary. It is believed that Marcus Aurelius lived there some time. Aquincum was settled by ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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