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Duchy of Savoy

The Duchy of Savoy was a monarchy in northern Italy and southwest France. It was ruled by the Savoy family. They took their name from the territory. From 1416 to 1562, the capital of the state was Chambery. From 1562 to 1713 after which the capit ...

                                               

Basilica of Saint-Denis

The Basilica of Saint Denis is a basilica near Paris, France. It is famous for its architecture and as the burial place for many Kings of France. It is in the suburb of Saint Denis, which is in the north of Paris. Since 1966, it is the cathedral ...

                                               

Besançon

Besançon is a city in France. It was the capital of the former Free County region. It is the prefecture of the Doubs department. Its population is around 117.600.

                                               

Hardelot Castle

The pseudo Gothic style mansion fort built in 1848 by Sir John Hare. He demolished the existing buildings within the walls of the old castle, and used a tower and underground passages, remains from the 13th century as the basis of his building. I ...

                                               

Joseph Bonaparte

Joseph-Napoleon Bonaparte was an elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1806, he crowned him as King of Naples and Sicily and later King of Spain in 1808.

                                               

Louis Bonaparte

Louis I of Holland, was the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of the Kingdom of Holland in 1806. He served with his brother in the Italian campaign of 1796–97 and in Egypt in 1798–99. Napoleon named him king of Holland in 1 ...

                                               

House of Bonaparte

The House of Bonaparte is an imperial and royal European dynasty founded by Napoleon I of France in 1804, a Corsican military leader who rose to power and transformed the French Republic into the French Empire. The dynasty ruled from 1804 to 1815 ...

                                               

Marie Laetitia Bonaparte

Marie Laetitia Bonaparte was one of three children born to Prince Napoleon an his wife Princess Maria Clotilde o Savoy. In 1888 she mairried Prince Amadeo, Duke of Aosta, the former King of Spain. Maria Letizia became the Duchess of Aosta, Duke o ...

                                               

Napoleon III

Napoleon III, also known as Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte was the first President of the French Republic and the last monarch of France. Made president by popular vote in 1848, Napoleon III ascended to the throne on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth a ...

                                               

Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange is a title of nobility. The title is used by members of the House of Orange-Nassau, as heirs to the crown of the Netherlands. It also used by members of the House of Hohenzollern. At the moment, the title is used by Prince Willem ...

                                               

Anne Marie dOrleans

Anne Marie dOrleans was a niece of Louis XIV and was the wife of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia. She was the mother-in-law of Philip V of Spain and the Dauphin of France. She was known as Anna Maria in her husbands kingdom.

                                               

Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria

Maria Clementina of Austria was an Austrian archduchess and the tenth child and third daughter of Leopold I, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Maria Luisa of Spain. She was the mother of the famous duchesse de Berry.

                                               

Bathilde dOrleans

Bathilde dOrleans, was a French princess. She was sister of Philippe Egalite, the mother of the executed duc dEnghien and aunt of Louis-Philippe King of the French. She was known as Citoyenne Verite during the French Revolution. By birth and marr ...

                                               

Marie Anne Eleonore de Bourbon

Marie Anne Eleonore de Bourbon was a granddaughter of King Louis XIV and was a nun at the Abbey of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs. Baptised with the names "Marie Anne Gabrielle Eleonore ", she signed as Marie Gabrielle Eleonore.

                                               

Charles X

Charles X, king of France and Navarre. He was the grandson of Louis XV and younger brother of kings Louis XVI and Louis XVIII. Charles was known as Charles Philippe, comte dArtois, until he became king. During the French Revolution he was one of ...

                                               

Christine of France

Christine of France was the second daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de Medici. A sister of Louis XIII, she was married to the future Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy in 1619 aged fourteen. She was said to be volatile and frivolous. Educate ...

                                               

Clotilde of France, Queen of Sardinia

Marie Clotilde of France was Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Emmanuel IV. She was the sister of Louis XVI. On 10 April 1808, Pope Pius VII, declared Queen Clodile a Venerable the causes of her beatification and canonization continue.

                                               

Marguerite Louise dOrleans

Marguerite Louise dOrleans was Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and false ...

                                               

Elisabeth of Bourbon

Elisabeth was born in Paris. Her father was Cesar de Bourbon, Duke of Vendome, legitimised son of King Henry IV of France and his official mistress Gabrielle dEstrees. Her mother was Princess Françoise of Lorraine 1592–1669, daughter and heiress ...

                                               

Elisabeth of France (1764–1794)

Princess Elisabeth of France, "Granddaughter of France", known as Madame Elisabeth, was a French princess. She was the youngest sibling of King Louis XVI. During the French Revolution, she stayed with the king and his family. She was executed at ...

                                               

Fils de France

Fils de France was a title used by children of the reigning King of France. It entitled the holder of the title to the style of Royal Highness. However, that was rarely used. The French court preferred to use terms such as "Madame" and "Monsieur" ...

                                               

Françoise Marie de Bourbon

Françoise Marie de Bourbon, Legitimee de France, Granddaughter of France by marriage was the youngest legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. She was famed for her arrogance and belief that she was above ...

                                               

Françoise dAubigne, Marquise de Maintenon

Madame de Maintenon was a French woman who would eventually become the second wife of King Louis XIV, even though the marriage was never announced to the public. She was born Françoise dAubigne ", a daughter of Constant dAubigne and his wife Jean ...

                                               

Henri Jules, Prince of Conde

Henri Jules de Bourbon, Prince of Conde was a member of the House of Bourbon and was the Prince of Conde till his death. He was also the only surviving son of the famous Grand Conde. He was known for his bizarre bouts of madness. He was also rank ...

                                               

Henrietta of England

Henrietta of England – 30 June 1670) was born a Princess of England and Scotland as the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England and his consort Henrietta Maria of France. Fleeing England with her governess aged three, she moved to the cour ...

                                               

Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier

Infanta Maria Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier was Infanta of Spain by birth and was the Duchess o Montpensier after her 1846 mairriage to a son of King Louis Philippe I of the French. Her husband was Prince Antoine o Orleans, Duke ...

                                               

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was a kingdom in southern Italy from 1816 until 1861. It was created by Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, after the Congress of Vienna of 1814, by uniting the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples, which had b ...

                                               

Louis XIV

Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May 1643 until his death. He was a king for 72 years. This was the longest recorded rule of any European monarch. He is often seen as the typical e ...

                                               

Louis XV

Louis XV was a French king, who ruled from 1715 until his death. He is the great-grandson of Louis XIV whom he succeeded at age of five. He was called "The Beloved". His failure to provide strong leadership and badly needed reforms contributed to ...

                                               

Louis XVII

Louis XVII of France was the King of France and Navarre from 1793 to 1795. He never actually ruled. He is also known as Louis Charles, Duke of Normandy and Fils de France. Louis Charles of France was born at the Palace of Versailles. He was the s ...

                                               

Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe

Louis Alexandre de Bourbon was the son and heir of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, grandson of Louis XIV by the kings legitimised son, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Count of Toulouse. He was known as the Prince of Lamballe from birth. He died before h ...

                                               

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthievre

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon was the son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and his wife Marie Victoire de Noailles. He was also a grandson of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. From birth he was known as the Duke of Penthievre. ...

                                               

Louis, Dauphin of France (son of Louis XV)

Louis of France was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Marie Leszczynska. He was the Dauphin of France all his life. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X.

                                               

Louis, Grand Dauphin

Louis of France, Dauphin of France was the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France and of his spouse, Marie Therese of Austria. He was known as le Grand Dauphin because he had a son, Louis Duke of Burgundy, while still the Dauphin of Fra ...

                                               

Louis, Duke of Burgundy

Louis of France was the eldest son of Louis, Dauphin of France, known as le Grand Dauphin and, as such, was known as le Petit Dauphin. He became Dauphin of France upon his fathers death in 1711.

                                               

Louis, Prince of Conde (1668–1710)

Louis de Bourbon, or Louis III, Prince of Conde was a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Conde in 1709. He was commonly called Monsieur le Duc. Howe ...

                                               

Louise Françoise de Bourbon, Duchess of Bourbon

Louise Françoise de Bourbon was an illegitimate daughter of King Louis XIV of France and his famous mistress Madame de Montespan. Her marriage to a prince of the blood in 1685 caused great scandal and she had an open rivalry with her elder sister ...

                                               

Louise Henriette de Bourbon

Louise Henriette de Bourbon was Duchess of Orleans and the mother of Philippe Egalite. By birth and marriage she held the prestigious rank of a Princess of the blood.

                                               

Louise Marie Adelaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orleans

Louise Marie Adelaïde de Bourbon-Penthievre, Duchess of Orleans, was the daughter of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthievre and of Maria Teresa dEste. At the death of her brother, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, prince de Lamballe, she becam ...

                                               

Louise Elisabeth de Bourbon

Louise Elisabeth de Bourbon was a daughter of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Conde, and his wife, Louise Françoise de Bourbon, herself an illegitimate daughter of Louis XIV of France and Madame de Montespan. She was the wife of Louis Armand de Bourb ...

                                               

Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria

Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria was the wife of Louis, the Grand Dauphin. She had three sons including the father of Louis XV of France and a King of Spain. In France she was known as Dauphine Marie Anne Victoire. She was a sister of the Violante ...

                                               

Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily

Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily was a Princess of Naples and Sicily and later Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Felix of Sardinia.

                                               

Maria Teresa Felicitas dEste

Maria Teresa Felicitas dEste was born a princess of Modena. By marriage, she was the Duchess of Penthievre. She was the mother-in-law of Philippe Egalite and a grandmother to the future Louis Philippe I. One of nine children, she was the first da ...

                                               

Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain

Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain was an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the wife of Louis of France, Dauphin of France, son of King Louis XV. She died during childbirth aged 20, She gave birth to a daughter who died at two years of age leavi ...

                                               

Marie Adelaïde of Savoy

Marie Adelaïde of Savoy was born a Princess of Savoy and was the wife of Louis, Duke of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy and of Anne Marie dOrleans. She died of measles in 1712, followed by her husband a w ...

                                               

Maria Josepha of Saxony, Dauphine of France

Maria Josepha of Saxony was a Dauphine of France and daughter-in-law of Louis XV. Marie Josephe was the mother of three kings of France, including the doomed Louis XVI, who died under the guillotine during the French Revolution. Her youngest daug ...

                                               

Marie Josephine of Savoy

Marie Josephine of Savoy was the wife of the future Louis XVIII of France. She was a princess of Savoy by birth, became the titular Queen consort, and was known by her title: Her Royal Highness, Countess of Provence.

                                               

Marie Therese de Bourbon

Marie Therese de Bourbon 1666 – 1732 was briefly the titular in title only Queen consort of Poland in 1697. She was the daughter of Henri Jules, Prince of Conde and of Anne Henriette of Bavaria. As a member of Frances reigning House of Bourbon, s ...

                                               

Marie Therese of Savoy

Maria Teresa of Savoy was a Princess of Savoy and the wife of Charles Count of Artois future Charles X of France. In France she was known as Marie Therese de Savoie.

                                               

Philip V of Spain

Philip V of Spain was the second son of Louis, Grand Dauphin and Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria. He was a grandson of Louis XIV and Marie Therese of Austria and was King of Spain from 1700 – 1724 and again from 1724 – 1746. He succeeded Charles I ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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