Топ-100

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Victoire of France (1733–1799)

Victoire of France Daughter of France was the fifth daughter of Louis XV of France and his wife Marie Leszczynska. She died unmarried. She was known at court simple as Madame Victoire ".

                                               

Charles VII of France

Charles VII of France, was King of France from 1422 to his death. He was not crowned as king until 1429 because England controlled large parts of France. His father, Charles VI of France, had disinherited him. He was called" King of Bourges” beca ...

                                               

Louis XI of France

Louis XI, called Louis the Prudent ", was King of France from 1461 to 1483. His father was Charles VII and his mother was Marie of Anjou. Born in Bourges, France, Louis was married to Margaret Stewart en, daughter of James I of Scotland. Louis re ...

                                               

Louis XII of France

Louis XII of France was the son of Charles, Duke of Orleans and Mary of Cleves. He was born on June 27, 1462 in the Chateau de Blois, France. Louiss first wife was Jeanne of France, who was the daughter of Louis XI of France. At the time, Louis w ...

                                               

Hundred Years War

The Hundred Years War was fought between France and England during the late Middle Ages from 1337 to 1453. The war lasted 116 years and started because Charles IV of France died in 1328 without an immediate male heir. Edward III of England then b ...

                                               

Clovis I

Clovis I was the first king of the Franks who united that nation. He succeeded his father Childeric I in 481 as King of the Salian Franks, one of two main groups of Frankish tribes, They were occupying the area west of the lower Rhine at that tim ...

                                               

Louis VII of France

Louis VII, called the Younger or the Young, was King of France from 1137 until his death. He was the son and successor of Louis VI.

                                               

Saint Louis IX of France

Saint Louis IX, also called Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 to his death. He established the Parlement of Paris. after his death he was canonised in 1297 by Pope Boniface VIII.

                                               

Louis XVI

Louis XVI was the King of France from 1774 until 1792, when the monarchy was abolished during the French Revolution. His overthrow and execution ended a monarchy that was over 1.000 years old, although he was not the last French king. Louis came ...

                                               

Louis XVIII

Louis XVIII, was King of France from April 1814 to March 1815 and again from July 1815 to September 1824. He became king with the Bourbon Restoration of the monarchy after the overthrow of Napoleon I. He ruled a constitutional monarchy, meaning h ...

                                               

Louis Philippe I

Louis Philippe I was the second person to have the title King of the French. Following the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, France became a republic. He spent 21 years in exile before being made king after the abdication of Charles X ...

                                               

Pepin the Short

Pepin the Short or Pippin, often known as Pepin the Younger or Pepin III, was King of the Franks from 751 to 768. Pepin was the son of Charles Martel and Chrotrud 690 - 720, and was born in Jupille, Belgium. In 740 Pepin married Bertrada of Laon. ...

                                               

Second Anglo-Mysore War

The Second Anglo-Mysore War was a conflict that took place on the Indian Subcontinent from 1780 to 1784. The war ended without a clear victory on either side. The Treaty of Mangalore restored the situation to the state before the war broke out. T ...

                                               

Battle of Jena-Auerstadt

The Battle of Jena-Auerstadt was fought on October 14, 1806. It was part of the War of the Fourth Coalition. It was fought between the French and the Prussians. The battle was a victory for Napoleon of France and he conquered Prussia.

                                               

Capitulation of Alexandria

The Capitulation of Alexandria was an important event in the struggle between France and England for influence in the Middle East in the years around 1800 AD. The French Campaign in Egypt and Syria 1798–1801 was part of Napoleon Bonapartes campai ...

                                               

Crimean War

The Crimean War, also called the Eastern War, was a war fought between Russia on one side, and France, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire on the other side. Most of the fighting, including the Battle of Balaclava, ...

                                               

Franco-Prussian War

The Franco-Prussian War was a war between France and Prussia, which was helped by German allies of Prussia. The war was provoked by Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who wanted to unite Germans under Prussian rule by making them fight togeth ...

                                               

Campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars

The French Revolutionary Wars continued from 1793 with few changes. France fought the First coalition. In the Alps, there was little change. The French invasion of Piedmont failed. On the Spanish border, the French under General Dugommier came fr ...

                                               

Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars were wars which were fought during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte over France. They started after the French Revolution ended and Napoleon Bonaparte became powerful in France in November 1799. War began between the United King ...

                                               

Opium Wars

The Opium Wars were two wars between China and Western countries during the Qing dynasty. The first was between Great Britain and China and lasted from 1839 until 1842. The second was from 1856 to 1860 and involved France as well. It was the Brit ...

                                               

Siberian Intervention

The Siberian Intervention was part of a larger plan by the Western powers and Japan. They wanted to support the White Russians against the Bolshevik Red Army during the Russian Civil War. Other places included Northwest Russia, Crimea, Bessarabia ...

                                               

Thirty Years War

The Thirty Years War was fought from 1618 until 1648. Though it was primarily centered in Germany, several other countries became involved in the conflict, including France, Spain, and Sweden. In fact, almost all of the powerful countries in Euro ...

                                               

North German Confederation

The North German Confederation, was first a military alliance of 22 states of northern Germany, and later a federal state. It was preceded by a Zollverein, a customs union that allowed free trade among most German states. The Confederation starte ...

                                               

Unification of Germany

The process of the Unification of Germany occurred in the nineteenth century. Prior to unification, there were many states in Central Europe. Some of them were very small, possibly no more than 5 miles from one border to the other. Many Germans w ...

                                               

Bitburg controversy

The Bitburg controversy involved a ceremonial visit by U.S. President Ronald Reagan to a German military cemetery in Bitburg, a town in extreme western Germany near the border with Luxembourg, in May 1985, designed to celebrate the end of World W ...

                                               

Wende

Wende refers to a historical process in the German Democratic Republic in the years 1989 and 1990, after the Soviet reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev. The communist Socialist Unity Party of Germany lost their power and a democratic government was esta ...

                                               

2021 German federal election

These parties received at least 0.5% of the national vote in the last German federal election. Die PARTEI: led by Martin Sonneborn. The party is satirical and populist. Free Voters: not a registered political party. The association attracts many ...

                                               

COVID-19 pandemic in Germany

The majority of cases in January and early February came from the same automobile-parts business place as the first case. On 25 and 26 February, multiple cases related to the Italian outbreak were found in Baden-Wurttemberg. A large number linked ...

                                               

Battle of Aachen

The Battle of Aachen was a major battle of Second World War. It was fought by American and German forces in and around Aachen, Germany, between 2–21 October 1944. The city was part of the Siegfried Line, the main defence line on Germanys western ...

                                               

Battle of Berlin

The Battle of Berlin was the last major battle of Second World War in Europe and took place in Berlin from 16 April to 3 May 1945. The Soviet Unions Red Army, along with Polish forces, captured the city, the capital of Germany. When they captured ...

                                               

Spring 1945 offensive in Italy

The Spring 1945 offensive in Italy was given the code name Operation Grapeshot. It was the Allied attack by Fifth United States Army and British 8th Army into the Lombardy Plain. It started on 6 April 1945 and ended on 2 May with the surrender of ...

                                               

Battle of Stalingrad

The Battle of Stalingrad was fought during the Second World War between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. They were fighting for control of the city of Stalingrad. The battle was fought between 23 August 1942 and 2 February 1943. It was one of t ...

                                               

Battle of Tannenberg (1914)

The Battle of Tannenberg was a decisive engagement between the Russian Empire and the German Empire in the first days of World War I. It was fought by the Russian First and Second Armies and the German Eighth Army between 17 August and 2 Septembe ...

                                               

Saxe-Coburg

Saxe-Coburg was a country in todays Bavaria, Germany. It was part of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach after the Division of Erfurt in 1572. In 1596 Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach was split, Johann Casimir got Saxe-Coburg and Johann Ernst got Saxe-Eisenach ...

                                               

Speyer

Speyer is a city in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate with about 50.000 inhabitants on the Rhine river. It lies 25 km south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Around the year 500 the town gets the name Spira, named after the stream Speyerbach which fl ...

                                               

Aachen

Aachen is a German city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has about 260.000 inhabitants and a well-known university, the Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochschule.

                                               

Frankfurt

Frankfurt am Main, commonly referred to as Frankfurt, is one of the biggest cities in Germany. The city of Frankfurt has a population of 700.000. The metropolitan area, called Rhine-Main after its two biggest rivers, has over four million people. ...

                                               

Munich

Munich MEW -nik, German: Munchen is the third biggest city of Germany after Berlin and Hamburg, and the capital of Bavaria. It has a population of 1.407.000. The metropolitan area of Munich includes the city itself, and all the suburbs around it, ...

                                               

Ulm

Ulm is a city in Germany, in the state of Baden-Wurttemberg. It was started in about 850 AD. It is on the left side of the river Danube. Across the river on the right side is Neu-Ulm in Bavaria. Together they have more than 170.000 inhabitants. U ...

                                               

Grand Duchy of Baden

The Grand Duchy of Baden was a former monarchy in Europe. It is now part of modern Germany. The Grand Duchy of Baden was a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the east bank of the Rhine. It existed between 1806 and 1918, the capitol ...

                                               

Greater Hesse

Greater Hesse was a part of the American Occupation Zone of Germany after World War II The German Empire broke up after World War I. The Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt German: Grossherzogtum Hessen-Darmstadt became the Peoples State of Hesse Germ ...

                                               

Hohenzollern-Hechingen

Hohenzollern-Hechingen was a county and principality in southwestern Germany, part of what is now Baden-Wurttemberg. Its rulers were members of a branch of the senior Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern family.

                                               

Kingdom of Saxony

The Kingdom of Saxony, existed from 1806 until 1918. From 1871 it was part of the German Empire, and after World War I it became part of the Weimar Republic. Its capital was the city of Dresden, and its modern successor state is the Free State of ...

                                               

Wurttemberg-Hohenzollern

The title of this article contains the character u. Where it is unavailable or not wanted, the name may be written as Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern. Wurttemberg-Hohenzollern was one of the original states of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its capit ...

                                               

Ottonian dynasty

Ottonian dynasty was a dynasty of kings of Germany, named after its first emperor Otto I the Great. But it is also known as the Saxon dynasty after the origin of this family of noblemen. The family itself is also sometimes known as the Liudolfing ...

                                               

Red Army Faction

The Red Army Faction or RAF, was one of postwar West Germanys most active and prominent militant left-wing groups. It described itself as a communist "urban guerrilla" group engaged in armed resistance, while it was described by the West German g ...

                                               

1896 Summer Olympics

The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were held at Athens in Greece. The games took place from April 6 to 15, 1896. It was the first international Olympic Games held in the Modern era. As Ancient Greece was th ...

                                               

COVID-19 pandemic in Greece

The first COVID-19 case, a 38-year-old woman from Thessaloniki who had recently visited Νorthern Italy, was confirmed. Later cases in late February and early March related to people who had traveled to Italy, Israel and Egypt. The first death fro ...

                                               

Pontic Greek genocide

The Pontian Greek Genocide was a genocide by the Young Turks in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. It is estimated that at least 1.100.000 Pontic Greeks were killed during the raids and the massacres. Many Pontian Greeks were considered unpur ...

                                               

Battle of Lepanto

The battle of Lepanto was a naval fight that took place on 7 October 1571 near of the Greek city of Nafpaktos. They confronted in her the armed of Imperio otomano against the one of a Catholic coalition, called Saint League, formed by the Spanish ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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