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Australopithecus africanus

Austalopithecus africanus was first discovered by Raymond Dart in 1925. He found a well-preserved skull of a young australopithecine, three to four years old. This skull is often called the Taung Child, after Taung, South Africa where it was foun ...

                                               

Australopithecus anamensis

Australopithecus anamensis is a species of Australopithecus. The first fossilized specimen of the species, though not recognized as such at the time, was a single arm bone found in Pliocene strata in the Kanapoi region of East Lake Turkana by a H ...

                                               

Australopithecus deyiremeda

Australopithecus deyiremeda is an extinct hominin which lived about 3.4 million years ago in northern Ethiopia. This was around the same time and place as several previously discovered specimens of Australopithecus afarensis were found. They incl ...

                                               

Kenyanthropus platyops

Kenyanthropus platyops is an extinct hominid species discovered in Lake Turkana, Kenya in 1999. It was by Justus Erus, who was part of Meave Leakeys team. The fossil 3.5 to 3.2 million year old. It has a broad flat face with a toe bone that sugge ...

                                               

Paranthropus

Paranthropus did not behave in the same way as Homo. They lived on a diet of heavy-duty plant material: leaves, slim branches, grass, roots. The diet might be supplemented with insect grubs. Lacking our flexible behaviour, Paranthropus relied on ...

                                               

Scorpion I

Scorpion I was a king of Upper Egypt during the Predynastic Period, or the period before egypt was united. His name may refer to the scorpion goddess Serket. He is believed to have ruled in Thinis one or two centuries before the rule of the bette ...

                                               

Stone circle

A stone circle is an ancient monument. It is made of several standing stones, usually menhirs that are arranged in a certain way. Very often those stones form circles or ellipses. The number of stones can vary between four and 60. Very often, bur ...

                                               

Callanish stones

The Callanish stones are near the village of Callanish on the west coast of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides.

                                               

CN Tower

The CN Tower is a telecommunications tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is 553.33 metres tall and is the tallest free-standing structure in Canada, North America, and the Western Hemisphere. It is not the tallest building as there are no floor ...

                                               

Golden Gate Bridge

The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses over the San Francisco Bay, going from San Francisco to Marin County, in the U.S. state of California. It was opened for use in 1937. When the bridge was finished, its length of 9.266 ft ...

                                               

Louis Leakey

Louis Leakey was a Kenyan archaeologist, anthropologist and naturalist. His work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in East Africa. He also played a major role in creating organizations for future research in Africa and ...

                                               

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury PC, FRS, known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Bt from 1865 until 1900, was an English banker, biologist, archaeologist and Liberal politician.

                                               

Paul Reinecke

Reinecke was born in Berlin. He studied medicine and science under Rudolf Virchow 1821–1903. Interested in prehistory, he also attended classes with the anthropologist Johannes Ranke 1836-1916 and the archaeologist Adolf Furtwangler 1853-1907. Du ...

                                               

Heinrich Schliemann

Heinrich Schliemann was a German archaeologist. He is famous for his work in discovering the ancient city of Troy.

                                               

Ruins

Ruins are the parts of buildings that are left after they have been destroyed and cannot be used properly any more. Many ruins are ancient and famous like the ruins of the forum of Ancient Rome, or the ruins of Tintagel Castle on the coast of Cor ...

                                               

Radiometric dating

Radiometric dating is a way to find out how old something is. The method compares the amount of a naturally occurring radioactive isotope and its decay products, in samples. The method uses known decay rates. It is the most used method of geochro ...

                                               

Uranium-lead dating

Uranium-lead is one of the oldest and most refined of the radiometric dating schemes. It can be used over an age range of about 1 million years to over 4.5 billion years. Precision is in the 0.1-1 percent range. The method relies on two separate ...

                                               

Younger Dryas

The Younger Dryas was a cold period. It reversed the gradual climatic warming which started around 20.000 years ago. At this time there was a sharp fall in temperature over most of the Northern Hemisphere. This occurred at the end of the Pleistoc ...

                                               

Coin

A coin is normally a round piece of metal that is used as currency, or money. Coins have been made for about 2600 years, the first place to make coins was Lydia. These coins were made of Precious metals and allowed people to trade with a standard ...

                                               

Coinage metal

A Group 11 element is one in the series of elements in group 11 in the periodic table, consisting of transition metals which are the traditional coinage metals of copper, silver, and gold. Roentgenium belongs to this group of elements based on it ...

                                               

Half dollar

The United States Half dollar is the largest US coin currently produced and in circulation measuring at 1.2 inches in diameter and 0.08 inches in thickness. It is worth half of a dollar, or 50 cents. It is worth the equivalent of 50 pennies, 10 n ...

                                               

Quarter (U.S. coin)

Draped Bust, Small Eagle 1796. Draped Bust 1796–1807. Draped Bust, Heraldic Eagle 1804–1807. Silver quarters. Capped Bust Small Size, No Motto 1831–1838. Capped Bust Large Size, With Motto 1815–1828. Capped Bust 1815–1838. Seated Liberty 1838–189 ...

                                               

Sovereign (British coin)

The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. It has been struck from 1817 until the present day. it was originally a circulating coin accepted in Britain and elsewhere in the world. Now it is a b ...

                                               

29th century BC

Ur becomes one of the richest cities in Sumer. 2852 BC: The beginning of the period of the Three August Ones and Five Emperors in China. 2890 BC: Egypt: Pharaoh Qaa died. End of First Dynasty, start of Second Dynasty. Pharaoh Hotepsekhemwy starte ...

                                               

26th century BC

C. 2566 BC: Pharaoh Khufu dies other date is 2578 BC. C. 2600 BC: The Harappan civilization rises to become a powerful civilization. C. 2900 BC – 2334 BC: Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period continue. C. 2532 BC: Pharaoh Menkaura start ...

                                               

24th century BC

C. 2345 BC: Sixth dynasty of Egypt starts other date is 2460 BC. C. 2350 BC: End of the Early Dynastic III period in Mesopotamia. C. 2334 BC – 2279 BC: Semitic chieftain Sargon of Akkads conquest of Sumer and Mesopotamia. C. 2360 BC: Hekla-4 erup ...

                                               

23rd century BC

C. 2288 BC – 2224 / 2194 BC: Pepy II and his mother, Queen Merye-ankhnes, Sixth dynasty of Egypt, is made. It is now at The Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York City. C. 2250 BC Earliest proof of growing maize in Central America. C. 2215 BC: Comet Ha ...

                                               

22nd century BC

2217 BC – 2193 BC: Nomadic invasions of Akkad. 2173 BC: Egypt: End of Seventh Dynasty, start of Eighth Dynasty. 2160 BC: Egypt: Pharaoh Neferirkara died. End of Eighth Dynasty, start of Ninth Dynasty. Pharaoh Neferkare started to reign. 2104 BC – ...

                                               

21st century BC

C. 2055 BC: End of First Intermediate Period of Egypt. C. 2100 BC – c. 2050 BC: Nanna Ziggurat, Ur modern Muqaiyir, Iraq was built. 2004 BC: Elamite destruction of Ur. C. 2064 BC – 1986 BC: Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt. 2080 BC: First Intermediate ...

                                               

20th century BC

2000 BC: Town of Mantua was presumably founded. 1913 BC – 1903 BC: Egyptian-Nubian war. 2000 BC: Horses were tamed and used for transport. 2064 BC – 1986 BC: Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt. 2000 BC: Stonehenge is believed to have been completed. C. 2 ...

                                               

19th century BC

C. 1878 BC: Senwosret III started to rule. C. 1900 BC: Late Harappan Phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins. C. 1897 BC: Senwosret II Twelfth Dynasty started to rule. He built Kahun near his pyramide tomb complex at el-Lahun. C. 1900 BC: P ...

                                               

18th century BC

1800 BCE: Beginning of the Nordic Bronze Age in the period system devised by Oscar Montelius. 1800 BCE: Iron Age in India. Minoan civilization: phase II of the Middle period MM II. C. 1700 BC: Aegean metalworkers are producing decorative objects ...

                                               

1690s BC

1691 BC June - Lunar Saros 32 begins. Archived 2004-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. 1698 BC- King Jie of China kills his minister Guan Longfeng according to Chinese legend. The Exodus: The Israelites leave Egypt, Thrasyllus of Mendes says this. He ...

                                               

1550s BC

1550 BC - Ahmose I becomes Pharaoh of Egypt. C. 1550 BC–1500 BC - Dagger blades with lion hunt, from Shaft Grave IV, Grave Circle A, at Mycenae, Greece, are made. They are now at National Archaeological Museum of Athens. The city of Mycenae, in t ...

                                               

11th century BC

C. 1000 BC: Latins come to Italy from the Danube region. 1000s BC: Earliest evidence of farming in the Kenya highlands. 1000s BC: Phoenician alphabet invented. 1050 BC: Philistines capture the Ark of the Covenant from Israel in battle. Approximat ...

                                               

4Q120

4Q120 is a Septuagint manuscript of the biblical Book of Leviticus, which was found at Qumran. The Rahlfs-No. is 802. Palaoegraphycally it dates from the first century BCE.

                                               

1st century

The 1st century was the century that lasted from year 1 to 100. During this period Europe, North Africa and the Near East fell under increasing domination by the Roman Empire. It continued expanding under the emperor Claudius 43. The reforms intr ...

                                               

Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns under the city of Istanbul, Turkey. The cistern, is close to the Hagia Sophia.

                                               

9th century

800: Charlemagne is crowned emperor of Rome by Pope Leo III. 805 - 820: Tang Dynasty was under the rule of Emperor Xianzong of Tang. C. 813 – c. 915: Period of serious Arab naval raids on shores of Tyrrhenian and Adriatic seas. 813: In Battle of ...

                                               

Hereward the Wake

Hereward the Wake was an Anglo-Saxon nobleman. He resisted William the Conqueror. His base was the Isle of Ely in East Anglia. According to legend he roamed the Fens, covering North Cambridgeshire, Southern Lincolnshire and West Norfolk, leading ...

                                               

Spanish treasure fleet

The Spanish treasure fleet, or West Indies Fleet from Spanish Flota de Indias, was a convoy system adopted by the Spanish Empire from 1566 to 1790. It linked Spain with its territories in America across the Atlantic. The convoys were general purp ...

                                               

18th century

The 18th century was the century from 1701 to 1800. Lots of things happened in the 18th century. In warfare, pikes were not used anymore and the most popular type of gun was a Flintlock Musket. The most important war was the seven years war. Engl ...

                                               

19th century

The 19th century was the century from 1801 to 1900. Most of this century is normally called the Victorian period because Queen Victoria ruled the United Kingdom. The Industrial Revolution started in this century in most western countries. George ...

                                               

20th century

The 20th century began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000. It was the century that saw two world wars, the Soviet Union rise and fall, the coming of the telephone, sound recording, film and television, airplanes, atomic weapons, ge ...

                                               

Tuesday

Tuesday is the day of the week between Monday and Wednesday. In some countries, for example the United States of America, Tuesday is the third day of the week. In other parts of the world, Tuesday is the second day of the week.

                                               

Friday

Friday is a day of the week. In some countries, for example the United States, it is the sixth day of the week. In other parts of the world, for example the United Kingdom, it is said to be the fifth day of the week. Friday is the Sabbath for Mus ...

                                               

January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. Starting in the 1200s, January 1 was called New Years Day. It is a holiday.

                                               

January 2

2003 – The spill from the oil tanker Prestige reaches France. 2006 – The roof of an ice rink in Bad Reichenhall, Bavaria, collapses, killing 15 people. 2017 – A bomb attack in Baghdad kills at least 35 people. 2016 – Saudi Arabia executes 47 pris ...

                                               

January 3

2004 – Flash Airlines Flight 604, a Boeing 737, crashes into the Red Sea off Egypt, killing 148 people. 2018 – Computer analysts report two major security vulnerabilities named "Meltdown" and "Spectre", affecting the microprocessors of all the co ...

                                               

January 4

2006 – Prime Minister of Israel Ariel Sharon suffers a stroke. His duties are transferred to Ehud Olmert. 2007 – Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. 2016 – Zinedine Zidane becomes the manag ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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