Топ-100

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 339



                                               

Small business

A small business, sometimes called a mom and pop store by some in the United States, is a business that is privately owned and operated. They have a small number of employees and do not sell many things. Whether or not the law says that a busines ...

                                               

Subsidiary

A subsidiary is a company that is controlled by its parent company. Even though a subsidiary works on its own, and its purposes are different from that of its parent company, the parent company is in control of its subsidiary. A companys subsidia ...

                                               

Takeover

In business, a takeover or acquisition happens when one company buys another company. The company that is the one buying is called the "acquirer" or the "bidder" and the one that is being bought is called the "target". There are four types of tak ...

                                               

Trade route

A trade route is a series of paths or roads that is used for the commercial transport of cargo. Historically, the period from 1500 BC–1 AD saw the Western Asian, Mediterranean, Chinese and Indian societies develop major networks for trade, such a ...

                                               

Types of business entity

A business entity is an organisation which sells a product or service, usually to make a profit. Different countries have different types of business entity. Most countries have similar types of business entity. The following list has a few examp ...

                                               

Umbrella insurance

Umbrella insurance protects all items of economic value and future income. It is also known as a type of liability insurance. A liability is a legal debt or obligation. The umbrella refers to how the policy shields insured assets. It covers damag ...

                                               

Business writing

Business writing is a form of professional communication that typically consists of memorandums, emails, letters, and other documents. Usually found within a work environment, business writing helps employees communicate efficiently. Business wri ...

                                               

Night-watchman state

A night-watchman state is part of libertarian philosophy. Those who believe in a night-watchman state are called "minarchists" and they believe in minarchism. This view believes a governments only function is to protect the rights of its citizens.

                                               

Auction

An auction is a method of goods or services can be sold and bought. In an auction, the price of an item is not fixed in advance. People wanting to buy the item say how much they are willing to pay for it. This is called bid. In each round, the bi ...

                                               

Barter

Barter is trading one thing for another without using money. Usually the things that are traded are worth the same amount of money, but no money is used in the trade. Barter is useful when two people each have something the other wants, so they a ...

                                               

Certificate of origin

Certificate of Origin is a document used in trade between countries. Certificate of Origin gives information about the manufacturing country and required by the Customs department of the importing country to clear the items upon arrival. It is is ...

                                               

Cheque

A cheque is a paper used to give money from one person or business to another person or business. To the person getting the cheque, it is a paper that allows them to go to a bank and get money. To the person writing the cheque, it is a promise to ...

                                               

Commodity market

Commodity markets are markets where raw or primary products are exchanged. These raw commodities are traded on regulated commodities exchanges, in which they are bought and sold in standardized contracts. This article focuses on the history and c ...

                                               

Fulfillment house

Standard types of these services are as follows: storage and warehousing company stores an item until and order for that item is received, inventory control maintaining and publishing inventory counts, pick and pack services preparing ordered ite ...

                                               

Fur trade

The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the gain and sale of animal fur. Before the colonization of the Americas, Russia was a major fur supplier of Western Europe and parts of Asia. The North American fur trade was a central part of the ...

                                               

Mercosur

Mercosur or Mercosul is a Regional Trade Agreement between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. It was founded in 1991. Its purpose is to improve free trade and the easy movement of goods, people, and currency.

                                               

Mystery shopper

Mystery shopping is a management tool used to find out how customers are being treated. Retail companies use it to get an idea about how their branches are being managed and operated. Also franchise chains use it to make sure franchisees are keep ...

                                               

Payment

A payment is the transfer of something from one party to another. Giving money to a company is a payment, for example. A payment is usually made for goods or services. The oldest form of payment is barter. Barter is a simple form of payment. It i ...

                                               

Sales quote

A sales quote is an estimated amount that a person selling something gives to a customer. It is given to show them how much it would cost to have the work done. Many services do not have fixed prices for work. The cost can change depending on the ...

                                               

Stock-Keeping Unit

SKU is an acronym for Stock-Keeping Unit. This is the barcode found on things sold in stores. It is made in a way that laser scanners in the check-out lane can read the code. The code is then used to find the price.

                                               

Ponzi scheme

A Ponzi scheme is a special kind of fraud. It is based on a fake investment that one schemer gets other people to give money to. In Ponzi schemes, the schemer basically says, "I found a great way to make money fast. The more you give me, the more ...

                                               

Pyramid scheme

A pyramid scheme is a way of making money that cannot continue very long. It involves promising people payment, services or ideals, primarily for enrolling other people into the scheme or training them to take part. It does not supply any real in ...

                                               

Factors of production

Factors of production are means necessary for the production of goods and services in economics. Classical economics has three factors: Land or natural resources – goods that exist in nature before any such as soil and minerals and that are used ...

                                               

Financial capital

Financial capital is a form of capital. It is things that have value, but do not do anything by themselves. They are only valuable because people value them. For example, money is a form of financial capital. You cannot do anything with money but ...

                                               

Finished goods

Finished goods are goods that have completed required manufacturing process and are ready to be fitted / mixed / processed with final product. The final product itself could also be called finished goods. Examples: cars, clothing, food, furniture ...

                                               

Economic bubble

An economic bubble happens when a market goes through a very fast inflation of value. This increase is followed by a quick decrease in value, called a "crash" or a "bubble burst". Economic bubbles can be caused by many things, but many economists ...

                                               

Financial crisis of 2007–2008

The financial crisis of 2007–2008 was a major financial crisis, the worst of its kind since the Great Depression in the 1930s. In September 2008 many large financial firms in the United States collapsed, merged, or went under conservatorship a pe ...

                                               

Greek government-debt crisis

The Greek government-debt crisis happened after the financial crisis of 2007–08. In Greece it is known as The Crisis. It started with sudden reforms and austerity measures. But this made people poor and lose money and land. The Greek economy is i ...

                                               

Free good

In economics free good means a good that is available without production, and therefore not scarce. It is available in as much quantity as desired, with zero opportunity cost to society. A good that is made available at zero price is not necessar ...

                                               

Giffen good

In economics, a Giffen good is one that people consume more of when its price increases. This violates the Law of Demand. This paradox is named after Robert Giffen, who first described it. Giffen observed that households that only had a minimum w ...

                                               

Good (economics)

A good in economics is any object or product that is useful. A commodity is one kind of good. A good that cannot be used by consumers directly, such as an office building or capital equipment, can be called a good because it can be useful if it i ...

                                               

Substitute good

In economics two or more goods can be classified by looking at the demand curve when the price of one of these goods changes. That way they will either be classified as substitutes or complementary goods. Two goods are substitutes if the demand o ...

                                               

Gross domestic product

In economics, gross domestic product is how much a place produces in an amount of time. GDP can be calculated by adding up its output inside the borders of that country. To find the GDP of a country, one adds up all consumer spending C, all inves ...

                                               

Industry

In economics, different kinds of manufacturing and services are broken down into groups called industries. The word comes from a Latin word meaning "working diligently at a task". There are many different industries, like mining, farming and logg ...

                                               

Converter (metallurgy)

A converter is a chemical reactor which turns raw iron into steel. Raw iron called pig iron which is the product of blast furnace, contains up to 4% of carbon. It is too hard and brittle for meaningful use. The carbon must first be burned off the ...

                                               

Fishing industry

All activities that are concerned with growing, catching, processing or transporting fish either as a hobby or as an economic activity is called Fishing industry. According to the FAO definition it includes recreational, subsistence and commercia ...

                                               

Oil refining

Oil refining is the name for a number of processes from chemical engineering, which transform crude oil into useful products such as different fuel oils, Liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline, kerosene or diesel oil. These transformation occur in pla ...

                                               

Refining

Refining is the name for a number of processes that purify or concentrate a substance. The name is used for natural resources, food and technical products. The place where this is done, is often called a refinery.

                                               

Steel mill

A Steel mill or steelworks is an industrial plant where steel is manufactured. Steel is an alloy of carbon and iron. Usually steel is produced in two stages: First, iron ore is reduced with coke and limestone. This is done in a blast furnace, and ...

                                               

Inflation

Inflation means that the general level of prices is going up, the opposite of deflation. More money will need to be paid for goods and services. Economists measure inflation regularly to know an economys state. Inflation changes the ratio of mone ...

                                               

Deflation

Deflation means that generally the prices of products are going down. It is the opposite of inflation. It is said, that deflation happens when there is less money than there are goods. It is also said that deflation is a sign of a weak state of t ...

                                               

Hyperinflation

In economics, hyperinflation is inflation that is "out of control," when prices increase very fast as money loses its value. One example of hyperinflation is in Germany in the 1920s. In 1922, the largest bank note was 50.000 Reichsmark, In 1923 t ...

                                               

Stagflation

In economics, the term stagflation is used when there is almost no growth in production, yet there is high inflation, and unemployment is high. This was supposed to be impossible under the kind of economics described by Keynes. Stagflation is a p ...

                                               

Forced labor

Forced labor includes all forms of slavery, and related practices including debt slavery, serfdom, human trafficking and labor camps. It is any work or service a person is forced to do against their will. It usually includes a threat of some form ...

                                               

Informal economy

The informal economy is that part of economy which is not reported in official statistics such as the gross domestic product of a country. The informal economy is not taxed, and includes the black market. In developing countries over 70% of the p ...

                                               

Terence V. Powderly

Terence Vincent Powderly was an Irish-American politician and labor union leader. He was the first three-term mayor of Scranton, Pennsylvania. He had several top government jobs. He is best known as the leader of the Knights of Labor in the late ...

                                               

Strike action

A strike action is when many workers stop working in protest. Strikes are usually done by a labor union to get better pay, hours, or working conditions. They became important during the Industrial Revolution, when many worked in factories and min ...

                                               

Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics studies large-scale economic decisions. For example, a whole countrys economy is summarised by the GDP. Many governments use macroeconomic ideas to decide how much tax to collect and what interest rates should be. It also considers ...

                                               

Austerity

Austerity measures are government actions that try to reduce government budget deficits. They do this by spending less, increasing tax, both, or some other clever ways. Austerity measures are used by governments that find it difficult to pay thei ...

                                               

Consumption function

In economics, the consumption function shows a relationship between consumption and disposable income. It is believed that John Maynard Keynes introduced the idea in macroeconomics in 1936. He used it to develop the idea of a government spending ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation

home

...
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →