Топ-100

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John Maynard Smith

John Maynard Smith, FRS was a British theoretical evolutionary biologist and geneticist. Originally an aeronautical engineer during the Second World War, he then took a second degree in genetics under the well-known biologist J.B.S. Haldane. Mayn ...

                                               

Reginald Punnett

Reginald Crundall Punnett FRS was a British geneticist. He became Professor of Biology and then Professor of Genetics at the University of Cambridge. He co-founded, with William Bateson, the Journal of Genetics in 1910. Punnett is probably best r ...

                                               

John Ray

John Ray was an English naturalist, sometimes referred to as the father of English natural history. Ray was the son of a village blacksmith who got to Cambridge University on a scholarship. This was in 1644, when the Puritans were making war agai ...

                                               

Ryūsaku Tsunoda

Ryūsaku Tsunoda was a Japan academic and Japanologist. He is known as the "father of Japanese studies" at Columbia University.

                                               

Arthur Waley

Waley was born in Tunbridge Wells, Kent England, as Arthur David Schloss. He changed his surname to the maiden name of his grandmother, Waley, in 1914, because he was a Jew. He was appointed Assistant Keeper of Oriental Prints and Manuscripts at ...

                                               

Anne Anastasi

Anne Anastasi is one of the founders of American Psychology and contributed to Psychometrics. She helped improve psychological testing. She wrote a textbook, Psychological Testing, which is still used today. She made psychological testing more re ...

                                               

Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco was an Italian writer and professor of medieval history in Bologna. Eco was born in 1932 in northern Italy. As a student, he studied philosophy, history, literature, and educational sciences. He finished his studies in 1954 with a doc ...

                                               

Cannibalism

Cannibalism is where a person eats the flesh of another person. It is also called anthropophagy. Anthropologists are not sure how widespread it was, but it did happen in some societies. It also occurs in non-human animals. The word cannibalism co ...

                                               

Starving Time

The Starving Time at Jamestown in Virginia Colony was a period of starvation during the winter of 1609–1610. During this time, all but 60 of the 500 colonists died. Lack of rain and access to water had crippled the agricultural production during ...

                                               

Human genome

The human genome is stored on 23 chromosome pairs in the cell nucleus and in the small mitochondrial DNA. A great deal is now known about the sequences of DNA which are on our chromosomes. What the DNA actually does is now partly known. Applying ...

                                               

Out of Africa

Out of Africa is about the recent African origin of modern humans. Since the 1980s this has been supported by a study of present-day mitochondrial DNA, and other sequence analysis. There is also evidence based on the physical anthropology of arch ...

                                               

Adapiformes

Adapiformes are an extinct group of early primates. Adapiformes radiated throughout much of the northern continental mass, reaching as far south as northern Africa and tropical Asia. They lived from the Eocene to the Miocene epochs. Some adapifor ...

                                               

Darwinius

Darwinius is a genus of primates known from only one fossil. It was discovered in 1983 by an amateur at the Messel Pit. This is a disused shale quarry noted for its astonishing fossil preservation, near the village of Messel, about 35 km southeas ...

                                               

Primate

Primates are a group of mammals that contains all lemurs, monkeys and apes including humans. There are about 400 species of primates. All primates are similar to humans in some ways, but language is an important difference. Primates have hands wi ...

                                               

Prosimian

Prosimians are a group of proto-primates. It includes all living and extinct strepsirrhines, as well as the haplorhine tarsiers and their extinct relatives, the omomyiforms. They have characteristics that are more "primitive" ancestral or plesiom ...

                                               

Strepsirrhini

The Strepsirrhini clade is one of the two suborders of primates, with 114 species. They are defined by their wet noses, although the Greek name means having a curved or bent nose. Madagascars only primates are strepsirrhines, although others can ...

                                               

Tarsier

The tarsiers are prosimian primates. They got their name from the long bones in their feet. They are now placed together with the simians. They live in trees, and are entirely nocturnal. Tarsiers are the only primates which are wholly carnivorous ...

                                               

Aryan race

The Aryan race is an idea that was formed in the 19th and early 20th century. The term "Aryan" comes from the Rig Veda and is the name of an ancient group of people in ancient Persia and India, who spoke an Indo-European language. It has been use ...

                                               

Coloured

In South African, Namibian, Zambian, Botswanan, and Zimbabwean context, the term Coloured is used to refer to people of mixed European and Khoisan or Bantu ancestry. They form the majority of the Northern Cape and Western Cape populations. Most C ...

                                               

Malay race

The Malay race is a race that was first proposed by the German scientist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach. Blumenbach described five races, and classified them by the colour of peoples skin. The Malay race was classified as the brown race. Since Blume ...

                                               

Master race

Master race is an idea that one group of people is better than all other people. A group of people may believe themselves to be better because of their history, race, culture or some other reason. The idea first appeared in the 19th century. It w ...

                                               

Philadelphia race riot

The Philadelphia Race Riots of 1964 was one of the first race riots during the Civil Rights Era. The riot started on August 28, 1964 when a conflict erupted between an African-American woman and a police officer when the womans car broke down in ...

                                               

Tokenism

Tokenism is the term used to describe the act of putting a person of a minority group into something for the sole purpose of trying to be seen as inclusive to that minority group. This is often done only to avoid controversy, with little or no ef ...

                                               

White people

White people are people with light skin. Most white people are of European origin, but are also found in other places. Sometimes it refers to a larger group: white people among other groups. The term "Caucasian" is often used as a synonym for "wh ...

                                               

The Communist Manifesto

The Manifesto of the Communist Party, more commonly known as The Communist Manifesto, is a short book. It was written by the German Marxist political theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848. The book was originally written in the German ...

                                               

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money is the title of a book by John Maynard Keynes. The book is generally considered to be his masterpiece. It is largely credited with creating the terminology and shape of modern macroeconomics. ...

                                               

Business

A business is an organization where people work together. In a business, people work to make and sell products or services. Other people buy the products and services. The business owner is the person who hires people for work. A business can ear ...

                                               

Audit

An audit is an evaluation or examination of something by a person or group of people. They can be made to a person, to a company, to buildings, to systems, to documents and many other things that are used by people. Audits are made to check somet ...

                                               

Board of directors

A board of directors is a group of people. They normally oversee the actions of a corporation or other business. There are laws called bylaws that the board follows. They organize the business, appoint the CEO, organize budgets and take care of f ...

                                               

Chairperson

A chairperson is a person who presides over meetings, such as a board of directors for a corporation, or any other meeting. The chairman of a corporation is not the chief executive officer, and only conducts the meetings in most companies. Althou ...

                                               

Clerk

A clerk is someone who writes. The word is derived from the Greek κληρικός, meaning "of the clergy". Once only religious people could write, so a cleric meant a religious person. In early mediaeval courts, writing was mainly done by clergy becaus ...

                                               

Co-operative Group

The Co-operative Group is a United Kingdom consumers cooperative, and, after the acquisition of Somerfield supermarkets, is the worlds largest consumer-owned business, with over 4.5 million members and 123.000 employees across all its businesses. ...

                                               

Commodity

Commodity is a term with distinct meanings in both business and in Marxian political economy. For the former, it is a product, that is traded solely on the basis of price. For Marxian political economy it means wares offered for exchange.

                                               

Cooperative

A cooperative is when several people come together in cooperation to reach a common goal. It is a type of organization used to make the lives of its members easier, it is usually not focused on making profit, instead focusing on serving member needs.

                                               

Down payment

A down payment is the amount that being paid first at the beginning of any business transaction and settle the remaining payment through installments. This payment is made so that the buyer or customer can own the goods being sold for the case of ...

                                               

Entrepreneur

An entrepreneur is a person who organizes a venture to benefit from an opportunity, rather than working as an employee. Entrepreneurs play a key role in any economy. These are the people who have the skills and initiative necessary to anticipate ...

                                               

Financial statements

In business, a financial statement is an organized document that has financial information, like income and transactions, of a person, company, government, or organization. They are used by these people and organizations to make decisions on the ...

                                               

Franchising

Franchising is a business method that involves the licensing of trademarks and methods of doing business. That can be chain stores, which are retail outlets which share a brand and central management, but also an exclusive right to sell branded m ...

                                               

Human resources

Human resources is all the people working for a company or organization. Sometimes, human capital is used as well. This is because employees are a good thing for a business because they add value to it. Examples are teachers, etc. It is important ...

                                               

Investment

Investment or investing means that an asset is bought, or that money is put into a bank to get a future interest from it. Investment is total amount of money spent by a shareholder in buying shares of a company. In economic management sciences, i ...

                                               

Invoice

An invoice is a document used in commerce, particularly in retail. It is made by a person or company who is selling something to a customer. The invoice is given to the customer as a request for payment. It lists the goods or service provided to ...

                                               

Land grant

A land grant is a gift of real estate - land or privileges - made by a government or other authority as a reward for services to an individual, especially as rewards for military service. Grants of land are also awarded to individuals and compani ...

                                               

Long and Foster

Long and Foster is the largest privately owned real estate company in the United States. The company currently has around 170 sales offices with over 10.000 agents, mainly in the Mid-Atlantic region.

                                               

Market capitalization

Market capitalization is a measurement of the size of a business corporation. It is equal to the price of one share of stock, times the number of shares of stock in a public company. Owning stock in a company is owning a part of the company. Mark ...

                                               

Mission statement

A mission statement tells the purpose of a company or organization. Basically, it says in a very short way WHO the organization does something for, WHAT is the kind of thing it does, and WHICH WAY it does it. It can be used to tell quickly what t ...

                                               

Mortgage

A mortgage is a way to use ones real property as a guarantee for a loan to get money. Real property can be land, a house, or a building. Many people do this to buy the home they use for mortgage: the loan provides them the money to buy the house ...

                                               

Office

An office is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done. It may also be a position within an organization with specific duties attached to it. For example, the office of treasurer. An office is a design phenomenon. It can be ...

                                               

Overcharge

Overcharge is an economic term used in legal discourse about price fixing violations. An overcharge is the difference between what a buyer or seller actually paid for a good purchased from a cartel and what the buyer or seller would have paid in ...

                                               

Product stewardship

Product stewardship includes waste disposal measures in the distribution of an industrial product. That is, paying for the safe and proper disposal when you pay for the product, and relying on those who sold it to you, to dispose of it. The sligh ...

                                               

Self storage

Self storage is a place where rooms or spaces are rented to individuals and companies. These can very large rooms or outside spaces, or as small as a simple locker. These spaces are usually rented on a short term lease, or on a month by month bas ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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