Топ-100

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 95



                                               

Direct democracy

Direct democracy, which is also called pure democracy is a democracy in which the decisions are not taken by representatives. All decisions are voted on by the people. When a budget or law needs to be passed, then the idea goes to the people. Lar ...

                                               

Federalist Papers

The Federalist Papers were a series of essays about the United States Constitution. In total, there were 85 articles, 77 of them appeared in newspapers between October of 1787 and August 1788. Many talked about how the Constitution would solve Am ...

                                               

Free world

The Free World is a term that was used during the era of the Cold War. It was often used by non-communist nations to describe themselves. It was used to describe the greater personal freedom that the people of non-communist countries had compared ...

                                               

Indirect democracy

Indirect democracy, or representative democracy, is when citizens elect representatives to make laws for them. This is what most modern countries have today. In many representative democracies representatives are chosen in elections. Elections ma ...

                                               

Majority government

A majority government is when a ruling party has more than half the seats in a legislature. This is different from a minority government, when the party with the most seats in a legislature has less than half the seats, and a coalition government ...

                                               

Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system where multiple political parties take part in national elections. Each party has its own views. A lot of countries that use this system have a coalition government, meaning many parties are in control, and they al ...

                                               

Polity IV

The Polity IV scale is a yearly assessment that assesses most sovereign states with a population above 500.000. They are split into five categories: full democracies open anocracies, closed anocracies, and autocracies. Status by country: Full Dem ...

                                               

Public inquiry

A public inquiry is an official review ordered by a government body. It is used in many common law countries, such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia and Canada. The idea is also used in many other countries, perhaps not with the same titl ...

                                               

Monarchy

A monarchy is a kind of government where a monarch, a kind of hereditary ruler, is the head of state. Monarchs usually rule until they die or pass down. Most monarchies are hereditary, but some are elected. The most famous elected monarch is the ...

                                               

Abdication

Abdication is the act of resigning from an office, especially from being the leader of a country. The word is normally used for kings and queens who decide to give up their position which brings an end to a reign. The term is also used for popes. ...

                                               

Constitutional monarchy

A Constitutional Monarchy is a form of government, in which a king or queen is the official head of state, although their powers are limited by a constitution and often lack much real power, as the legislative branch is the primary governing body ...

                                               

Dhulbahante garaadship

The Dhulbahante garaadship was a kingdom from 1530 until 1899. Its successor state was Darwiish State. Diiriye Guure was the first Dhulbahante king to become king through being elected by the people. Diiriye Guure was also the first Dhulbahante m ...

                                               

Diarchy

Diarchy is a form of government where two people are usually the heads of state. The word comes from the Greek δι- "twice" and αρχια, "rule". Most commonly, the leaders of these diarchys, called diarchs, have the job for life with the position be ...

                                               

Dual monarchy

Dual monarchy is a union of two monarchies where the thrones of each monarchy are combined. A typical case is a personal union in which the crowns of the separate kingdoms are held by one person. The following are examples of dual monarchies, lis ...

                                               

Hereditary monarchy

A hereditary monarchy is a type of government where a monarch becomes the monarch because he or she is related to the last monarch. It is the most common sort of monarchy, and is the form used by almost all of the worlds monarchies today.

                                               

Jeanne dAlbret

Jeanne dAlbret, also known as Jeanne III dAlbret or Joan III, was the queen regnant of the Kingdom of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. Her second marriage to Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendome, produced her son, Henry of Bourbon. Henry became King Hen ...

                                               

Maharaja

The word Mahārāja is Sanskrit for "great king" or "high king". Many languages of India have borrowed the word maharaja, there languages include Punjabi, Bengali, Hindi and Gujarati. Its use is mainly for Hindu rulers. A female ruler is known as M ...

                                               

Regnal name

A regnal name, or reign name, is a formal name or label which refers to the years of the reign of a monarch or a pope. A monarch sometimes chooses a reign name which is different from his or her personal name. Example: Edward VII of the United Ki ...

                                               

2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum

The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum took place on 23 June 2016 in the UK and Gibraltar. It was to decide whether the United Kingdom would stay in the European Union. The referendum ended with 51.9% of votes in favour of leavin ...

                                               

Additional Member System

The Additional Member System is an electoral system used to produce a more proportional result than Plurality voting, also known as First Past The Post. It is sometimes referred to as Mixed Member Proportional but these two electoral systems have ...

                                               

Approval voting

Approval voting is a voting system used for elections. In approval voting, each person can vote for any number of candidates they like. The votes for each of the candidates are counted, and summed up. The candidate or candidates with most votes a ...

                                               

Condorcet loser criterion

In single-winner voting system theory, the Condorcet loser criterion is used to compare different voting systems. Any voting system that passes the CLC will also pass the majority loser criterion. A voting system that passes the Condorcet loser c ...

                                               

Donkey vote

A donkey vote is when someone puts numbers on an election ballot paper in the same order that the candidates are listed. For example, if a ballot paper had J. Smith on the top line, M. Doe on the middle line and N. Citizen on the bottom line, and ...

                                               

First-past-the-post voting

First-past-the-post is a voting system used by some countries to elect their governments or the members of their parliaments. In a first-past-the-post system, a country is divided into constituencies. In these constituencies people known as candi ...

                                               

Instant Runoff Voting

Instant runoff voting is a method of electing one political candidate to office from a list of more than two, but it can also be used for other group decisions. Voters rank the candidates from favorite to least favorite, with only their top choic ...

                                               

Majority rule

Majority rule is a way of making decisions in government or in voting. A decision is made if it gets more than half of the votes. Majority rule is often used in referendums, which is when voters decide if they want to make a law by voting yes or ...

                                               

Mutual majority criterion

The mutual majority criterion is a criterion used to compare voting systems. It is also known as the majority criterion for solid coalitions and the generalized majority criterion. The criterion says that if a majority of voters like a group of c ...

                                               

Proportional representation

Proportional representation is a system used to elect a countrys government. If a party wins over 50% of the vote, it wins over 50% of the seats and can form a government. Countries which use proportional representation include: Austria, Argentin ...

                                               

Sequential proportional approval voting

Sequential proportional approval voting is a way of electing candidates that gives proportional representation. It combines approval voting and the highest average methods.

                                               

Single transferable vote

Single transferable vote is a type of voting system that gives proportional representation. It is used to elect more than one person, and voters rank the candidates when voting.

                                               

Smith set

In voting systems, the Smith set, named after John H. Smith, but also known as the top cycle, or as Generalized Top-Choice Assumption, is the smallest non-empty set of candidates in an election such that more voters prefer any candidate in the se ...

                                               

Voter registration

Voter registration is needed in some democracies for citizens and residents to check in with some central registry so that they will be allowed to vote in elections. In Australia, for example, everyone over the age of 18 must register with the Au ...

                                               

Voting system

The voting system is a set of rules about the way people vote and how the votes are counted. Different countries have different voting systems. There are many different types of voting system. One of the first voting systems to be used is called ...

                                               

Ceres (dwarf planet)

Ceres, also known as 1 Ceres, is the smallest dwarf planet in the Solar System and the only one in the main asteroid belt. It was discovered on 1 January 1801, by Giuseppe Piazzi, and is named after the Roman goddess Ceres, as the goddess of grow ...

                                               

Eris (dwarf planet)

Eris is a dwarf planet and a trans-Neptunian object. It is the second-largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System. Eris is slightly smaller than Pluto, but it is more massive than Pluto. It is a "scattered disc object" in the Kuiper belt, furt ...

                                               

Haumea (dwarf planet)

Haumea is a dwarf planet in the Solar System. Its discovery was announced in 2005 by astronomers Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo and David Rabinowitz of the United States, and J. L. Ortiz of Spain. It was classified as a dwarf planet on September ...

                                               

Eclipse

An eclipse is an astronomical event. It is when one object in the sky moves into the shadow of another such object. When an eclipse happens within a system of stars, like the Solar System, it makes a type of syzygy. This means that three or more ...

                                               

Solar eclipse

As seen from Earth, a solar eclipse / ee-klips / happens when the Moon is directly between the Earth and the Sun. This makes the Moon fully or partially cover the sun. Solar eclipses can only happen during a new moon. Every year there are about t ...

                                               

Solar eclipses on Mars

Deimos is too small, 15 by 10 km 9.3 by 6.2 mi, to cause an eclipse. The best someone on Mars would see would be a small object passing the Sun.

                                               

Pioneer plaque

The Pioneer plaques were a pair of plaques that were launched into deep space on Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11. The same image is on both plaques. The image is made up of many parts. There is a drawing of a nude human female and a nude human male. Th ...

                                               

Voyager program

The Voyager program is a space exploration program of the United States NASA agency. It consists of a pair of unmanned scientific probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2. They were launched in 1977 to take advantage of a favorable planetary alignment of ...

                                               

Google

Google is a multinational corporation from the United States of America. It is known for creating and running one of the largest search engines on the World Wide Web. Every day more than a billion people use it. Googles headquarters is in Mountai ...

                                               

Google+

Google was a social networking website owned and operated by Google. Google was opened to people with an invitation on April 28, 2008 for testing. The next day the July 3, 2015, people with accounts were allowed to invite friends to the service. ...

                                               

Googleplex

Googleplex is the head office of Google, Inc. The office is located at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California, United States, near San Jose. The original complex has 2.000.000 square feet 190.000 m 2 of office ...

                                               

Knol

Knol is a Google project which aims to include user-written articles on a range of topics. The project was announced on December 13, 2007 and opened in beta to the public on July 23, 2008. When it was opened, there were a few hundred articles mos ...

                                               

List of Google Easter eggs

Since the version 2.3 of Googles Android operating system an easter egg containing an animation has been hidden. The easter egg can be accessed through the "Settings" application, in the "About phone" section, by repeatedly tapping the "Android v ...

                                               

Gmail

Gmail is a free e-mail service that is run by Google. It can be accessed on the web, by POP3, or by IMAP. Some of the competitors to Gmail are Yahoo! Mail, Hotmail / Windows Live Mail, and Inbox.Com. The space given to any Gmail member is increas ...

                                               

Google Maps

Google Maps is a mapping website from Google, and also the name for the technology that it works on. It provides satellite pictures and road maps for anywhere in the world. Google Maps also shows the locations of many places and businesses called ...

                                               

Google Picasa

Picasa is a software application for organizing and editing photos. It was first created by Idealab but is now owned by Google. "Picasa" is a blend of the name of Spanish painter Pablo Picasso, the phrase mi casa for "my house", and "pic" for pic ...

                                               

Google Search

Google Search or Google Web Search is a web search engine owned by Google Inc. and is the most-used search engine on the World Wide Web. Google receives several hundred million queries each day through its various services. The main purpose of Go ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation

home

...
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →